[News] America's real longest war was the conflict against Indigenous Americans
news at freedomarchives.org
Thu Sep 2 10:35:22 EDT 2021
real longest war was the conflict against Indigenous Americans
Red Lake Nation News - September 1, 2021
The global war on terror isn't ending, nor was it as long as the American
Indian Wars. I take issue with the characterization that the war in
Afghanistan is America's longest war. America's real longest war was the
conflict against Indigenous Americans, called the American Indian Wars,
which most historians characterize as beginning in 1609 and ending in 1924
or 313 years, mainly over land control.
The colonization of America by English, French, Spanish, Dutch, and Swedish
was resisted by some Indian tribes and assisted by other tribes.
But European settlers came in conflict with First Nation people from the
moment they set foot on the shores of North America. From Columbus in the
Caribbean to the conquistadors in Central and South America, European
nations and First Nation tribes were at odds from the very beginning. From
1492 to 1924 equals 432 years of conflict.
The newly declared United States of America wasted no time in antagonizing
the native population. They came into immediate conflict with the natives
starting as early as 1775.
The American Indian Wars are the United States' most protracted conflict to
date stretching from 1775, at the beginning of the American Revolution, all
the way until 1924. These conflicts occurred alongside and during all of
America's largest wars, including the Revolution, the War of 1812, the
Civil War, and World War I. The conflicts lasted a year shy of 150 years
and were almost constant for most of the 19th century. These wars are still
the most understudied and underappreciated period of American history.
Pick your starting date, no matter.
Some might be surprised to learn one of the last battles twixt US soldiers
and Indigenous Peoples took place right here in Northern Minnesota known as
the Battle of Sugar Point on the Leech Lake Reservation on January 9, 1918.
The Apache Wars ended in 1924 and brought the American Indian Wars to a
The number of Indians dropped from an estimated 10 million, (just in what
is now the US) to below half a million in the 19th century because of
infectious diseases, conflict with Europeans, wars between tribes,
assimilation, migration to Canada and Mexico, and declining birth rates.
in 1871, Congress ended formal treaty-making with Indians, obliterating a
nearly 100-year-old diplomatic tradition in which the United States
recognized tribes as nations.
Although Congress agreed to honor the approximately 368 Indian treaties
that had been ratified from 1778 to 1868, Congress stated unequivocally
that "henceforth, no Indian nation or tribe . . . shall be acknowledged or
recognized as an independent nation, tribe or power with whom the United
States may contract by treaty...."
Legal historians have tended to downplay the significance of the 1871
treaty-making prohibition, arguing that prior Indian treaties remained in
force, that the treaty-making system was merely replaced by bilateral
agreements approved by both houses of Congress, and that the independent
political status of tribal nations remained largely unimpaired.
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