[News] Polisario Front Blames UN for “Political Deadlock” in Western Sahara Negotiations
news at freedomarchives.org
Mon Mar 1 15:45:46 EST 2021
Polisario Front Blames UN for “Political Deadlock” in Western
*The pro-independence Polisario Front fighting Morocco for control over
Western Sahara has blamed the United Nations for a “political
deadlock” in the decades-long conflict.*
February 28, 2021.- The organization, which represents the indigenous
Sahrawi people fighting for the independence of the resource-rich
Western Sahara region, urged the UN on Saturday to help end the conflict
in the former Spanish colony.
“We ask the United Nations to urgently fulfill its promises: that of
ridding Western Sahara of colonization, in accordance with its Charter
and its resolutions,” Polisario Front leader Brahim Ghali said in a
speech at a refugee camp in Western Sahara.
/“The Sahrawi people will keep up their struggle for justice and to
liberate Sahrawi territory from the Moroccan presence,” Ghali said as
Polisario armed forces marched in a military parade to mark the 45th
anniversary of their unilateral declaration of independence./
The United Nations brokered a truce between the warring sides in 1991
and promised that a referendum would be held on independence, which has
yet to take place.
/“The Polisario Front tried for 29 years to avoid war by making
concessions, but it has faced a total absence of cooperation both from
the Moroccan side and the UN,” senior Polisario official Khatri Addouh
was quoted as saying by official Sahrawi news agency SPS./
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Speed Up the Total Liberation of Western Sahara
The UN is responsible for the “political deadlock” on the Sahrawi
question due to its “laxity” in the face of Morocco, Addouh added.
UN-led negotiations involving Morocco and the Polisario, with Algeria
and Mauritania as observers, have been suspended since March 2019.
The Western Sahara’s push for independence against Spanish colonial
rule was led by the Polisario Front in 1973.
After the colonial forces left in 1975, the Polisario Front backed by
Libya and Algeria went to war against Morocco and Mauritania, which
later pulled its forces out of the region.
Since the ceasefire agreement in 1991, most of the disputed Western
Sahara territory has remained under Moroccan control.
The pro-independence forces now control one-fifth of Western Sahara with
additional pockets of control in the Sahrawi refugee camps that have
been set up along the Algerian border.
RELATED CONTENT: Sahrawis Condemn US Recognition of Morocco’s
Sovereignty Over Western Sahara
Despite the ceasefire, the two sides regularly exchange fire along the
The Sahrawi movement aims to gain fully recognized independence for
The situation has become more complicated since the administration of
former US president Donald Trump brokered a normalization deal between
Morocco and the Israeli regime late last year.
As part of the deal, the US agreed to recognize Morocco’s claim over
“the entire Western Sahara territory,” disregarding the fact that
the region is an internationally recognized disputed area.
In recent years, Morocco has been able to win the recognition of its
claim to sovereignty over the disputed territory from numerous
countries, which have opened consulates in Western Sahara.
The Polisario considers the opening of the missions a “violation of
international law and an attack on the legal status of Western Sahara as
a non-autonomous territory.”
*Western Sahara returns to European Court of Justice*
Next week, the European Court of Justice will discuss EU-Morocco accords
allowing Rabat to export goods from Western Sahara that are contested by
the pro-independence forces.
It is to hold two sessions on Tuesday and Wednesday but a ruling will
take “several months,” a spokesman for the Luxembourg-based court
For the Polisario, Moroccan exports from the disputed territory amount
to “looting of its natural resources,” notably agricultural goods,
phosphates and fish, according to the movement’s French lawyer Gilles
/Featured image: Sahrawi soldiers parade during the celebrations marking
the 45th anniversary of the declaration of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic
Republic (SDAR), at a refugee camp on the outskirts of the southwestern
Algerian city of Tindouf, on February 27, 2021. (Photo by AFP)/
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