[News] Venezuela’s Coronavirus Response Might Surprise You

Anti-Imperialist News news at freedomarchives.org
Thu Mar 26 14:20:09 EDT 2020


 https://venezuelanalysis.com/analysis/14824 Venezuela’s Coronavirus
Response Might Surprise You
By Leonardo Flores - Common Dreams - March 26, 2020
------------------------------

Within a few hours of being launched, over 800 Venezuelans in the U.S.
registered <https://twitter.com/jaarreaza/status/1242549385512312832>for an
emergency flight from Miami to Caracas through a website run by the
Venezuelan government. This flight, offered at no cost, was proposed by
President Nicolás Maduro when he learned that 200 Venezuelans were stuck in
the United States following his government’s decision to stop commercial
flights as a preventative coronavirus measure. The promise of one flight
expanded to two or more flights, as it became clear that many Venezuelans
in the U.S. wanted to go back to Venezuela, yet the situation remains
unresolved due to the U.S. ban on flights to and from the country.

Those who rely solely on the mainstream media might wonder who in their
right mind would want to leave the United States for Venezuela. Time
<https://time.com/5807142/venezuela-maduro-coronavirus-oil/>, The
Washington Post
<https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/global-opinions/why-the-spread-of-covid-19-in-venezuela-is-a-particularly-frightening-prospect/2020/03/19/47d94d20-693f-11ea-9923-57073adce27c_story.html>,
The Hill
<https://thehill.com/opinion/international/488539-the-perfect-storm-in-venezuela>
and the Miami Herald
<https://www.miamiherald.com/opinion/op-ed/article241279781.html>, among
others, published opinions in the past week describing Venezuela as a
chaotic nightmare. These media outlets painted a picture of a coronavirus
disaster, of government incompetence and of a nation teetering on the brink
of collapse. The reality of Venezuela’s coronavirus response is not covered
by the mainstream media at all.

Furthermore, what each of these articles shortchanges is the damage caused
by the Trump administration’s sanctions, which devastated the economy and
healthcare system long before the coronavirus pandemic. These sanctions
have impoverished millions of Venezuelans and negatively impact vital
infrastructure, such as electricity generation. Venezuela is impeded from
importing spare parts for its power plants and the resulting blackouts
interrupt water services that rely on electric pumps. These, along with
dozens of other implications from the hybrid war on Venezuela
<https://www.codepink.org/maximum_pressure_march_us_hybrid_war_on_venezuela_heats_up>,
have caused a decline in health indicators across the board, leading to 100,000
deaths
<https://www.codepink.org/venezuela_asks_global_court_to_condemn_us_sanctions>
as a consequence of the sanctions.

Regarding coronavirus specifically, the sanctions raise the costs of
testing kits and medical supplies, and ban Venezuela’s government from
purchasing medical equipment from the U.S. (and from many European
countries). These obstacles would seemingly place Venezuela on the path to
a worst-case scenario, similar to Iran (also battered by sanctions) or
Italy (battered by austerity and neoliberalism). In contrast to those two
countries, Venezuela took decisive steps early on to face the pandemic.

As a result of these steps and other factors, Venezuela is currently in its
best-case scenario. As of this writing, 11 days after the first confirmed
case of coronavirus, the country has 86 infected people, with 0 deaths. Its
neighbors have not fared as well: Brazil has 1,924 cases with 34 deaths
<https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/>; Ecuador 981 and 18; Chile 746
and 2; Peru 395 and 5; Mexico 367 and 4; Colombia 306 and 3. (With the
exception of Mexico, those governments have all actively participated and
contributed to the U.S.-led regime change efforts in Venezuela.) Why is
Venezuela doing so much better than others in the region?

Skeptics will claim that the Maduro government is hiding figures and
deaths, that there’s not enough testing, not enough medicine, not enough
talent to adequately deal with a pandemic. But here are the facts:

First, international solidarity has played a priceless role in enabling the
government to rise to the challenge. China sent coronavirus diagnostic kits
that will allow 320,000 Venezuelans to be tested
<https://albaciudad.org/2020/03/venezuela-recibe-4-015-kits-de-diagnostico-de-covid-19-provenientes-de-china/>,
in addition to a team of experts and tons of supplies. Cuba sent 130 doctors
<https://albaciudad.org/2020/03/presidente-maduro-llegan-al-pais-130-medicos-de-cuba-y-material-medico-desde-rusia-para-ayudar-en-la-lucha-contra-el-coronavirus/>
and 10,000 doses of interferon alfa-2b
<https://albaciudad.org/2020/03/maduro-venezuela-cuenta-con-interferon-cubano-para-tratar-posibles-casos-del-coronavirus-covid-19/>,
a drug with an established record of helping COVID-19 patients recover
<https://see.news/china-is-using-cubas-interferon-alfa-2b-against-coronavirus/'>.
Russia has sent the first of several shipments of medical equipment and kits
<https://twitter.com/telesurenglish/status/1242330303441645568>. These
three countries, routinely characterized by the U.S. foreign policy
establishment as evil, offer solidarity and material support. The United
States offers more sanctions
<https://thegrayzone.com/2020/03/17/italy-uk-help-cuba-china-venezuela-coronavirus-us-sanctions/>
and the IMF, widely known to be under U.S. control
<https://twitter.com/MarkWeisbrot/status/1240279242803482629>, denied a
Venezuelan request for $5 billion in emergency funding that even the
European Union supports
<https://www.telesurenglish.net/news/EU-Supports-Iran-Venezuela-Bids-for-IMF-COVID-19-Funds-20200323-0012.html>
.

Second, the government quickly carried out a plan to contain the spread of
the disease. On March 12, a day before the first confirmed cases, President
Maduro decreed a health emergency, prohibited crowds from gathering, and
cancelled flights from Europe and Colombia. On March 13, Day 1, two
Venezuelans tested positive; the government cancelled classes, began
requiring facemasks on subways and on the border, closed theaters, bars and
nightclubs, and limited restaurants to take-out or delivery. It bears
repeating that this was on Day 1 of having a confirmed case; many U.S.
states have yet to take these steps. By Day 4, a national quarantine was
put into effect (equivalent to shelter-in-place orders) and an online
portal called the Homeland System (Sistema Patria) was repurposed to survey
potential COVID-19 cases. By Day 8, 42 people were infected and
approximately 90% of the population was heeding the quarantine
<https://albaciudad.org/2020/03/maduro-cuarentena-importancia-contra-coronavirus/>.
By Day 11, over 12.2 million people had filled out the survey
<https://twitter.com/Mision_Verdad/status/1242268618567684098>, over 20,000
people who reported being sick were visited in their homes by medical
professionals and 145 people were referred for coronavirus testing. The
government estimates that without these measures, Venezuela would have
3,000 infected people and a high number of deaths
<https://twitter.com/Mision_Verdad/status/1242264195799879681>.

Third, the Venezuelan people were positioned to handle a crisis. Over the
past 7 years, Venezuela has lived through the death of wildly popular
leader, violent right-wing protests, an economic war characterized by
shortages and hyperinflation, sanctions that have destroyed the economy, an
ongoing coup, attempted military insurrections, attacks on public
utilities, blackouts, mass migration and threats of U.S. military action.
The coronavirus is a different sort of challenge, but previous crises have
instilled a resiliency among the Venezuelan people and strengthened
solidarity within communities. There is no panic on the streets; instead,
people are calm and following health protocols.

Fourth, mass organizing and prioritizing people above all else. Communes
and organized communities have taken the lead, producing facemasks, keeping
the CLAP food supply system running (this monthly food package reaches 7
million families), facilitating house-by-house visits of doctors
<https://www.instagram.com/p/B98Ms22hV5G/?igshid=d9l79eu1p6hb> and
encouraging the use of facemasks in public. Over 12,000 medical school
students in their last or second-to-last year of study applied to be
trained for house visits. For its part, the Maduro administration suspended
rent payments <https://venezuelanalysis.com/news/14819>, instituted a
nationwide firing freeze, gave bonuses to workers, prohibited telecoms from
cutting off people’s phones or internet, reached an agreement with hotel
chains to provide 4,000 beds in case the crisis escalates, and pledged to
pay the salaries of employees of small and medium businesses. Amid a public
health crisis - compounded by an economic crisis and sanctions -
Venezuela’s response has been to guarantee food, provide free healthcare
and widespread testing, and alleviate further economic pressure on the
working class.

The U.S. government has not responded to the Maduro administration’s
request to make an exception for Conviasa Airlines, the national airline
under sanctions, to fly the Venezuelans stranded in the United States back
to Caracas. Given everything happening in the United States, where COVID-19
treatment can cost nearly $35,000
<https://time.com/5806312/coronavirus-treatment-cost/> and the government is
weighing the option of prioritizing the economy over the lives of people
<https://twitter.com/BrianBeckerDC/status/1242306994066898945/photo/1>,
perhaps these Venezuelans waiting to go home understand that their chances
of surviving the coronavirus – both physically and economically – are much
better in a country that values health over profits.

*Leonardo Flores is Latin American policy expert and campaigner with
CODEPINK.*

*The views expressed in this article are the author's own and do not
necessarily reflect those of the Venezuelanalysis editorial staff.*
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