[News] Cuba found to be the most sustainably developed country in the world - US is 159th out of 163
news at freedomarchives.org
Mon Dec 2 10:58:10 EST 2019
Cuba found to be the most sustainably developed country in the world,
new research finds
Friday, November 29, 2019
CUBA is the most sustainably developed country in the world, according
to a new report launched today.
The socialist island outperforms advanced capitalist countries including
Britain and the United States, which has subjected Cuba to a punitive
six-decades-long economic blockade.
The Sustainable Development Index (SDI), designed by anthropologist and
author Dr Jason Hickel, calculates its results by dividing a nation’s
“human development” score, obtained by looking at statistics on life
expectancy, health and education, by its “ecological overshoot,” the
extent to which the per capita carbon footprint exceeds Earth’s natural
Countries with strong human development and a lower environmental impact
score highly, but countries with poorer life expectancies and literacy
rates as well as those which exceed ecological limits are marked down.
Based on the most recent figures, from 2015, Cuba is top with a score of
0.859, while Venezuela is 12th and Argentina 18th.
The SDI was created to update the Human Development Index (HDI),
developed by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and used by the United
Nations Development Programme to produce its annual reports since 1990.
The HDI considers life expectancy, education and gross national income
per capita, but ignores environmental degradation caused by the economic
growth of top performers such as Britain and the US.
“These countries are major contributors to climate change and other
forms of ecological breakdown, which disproportionately affects the
poorer countries of the global South, where climate change is already
causing hunger rates to rise,” Mr Hickel said.
“In this sense, the HDI promotes a model of development that is
empirically incompatible with ecology and which embodies a fundamental
contradiction: achieving high development according to HDI means driving
de-development elsewhere in the world. For a development indicator that
purports to be universal, such a contradiction is indefensible.”
Britain, ranked 14th in 2018’s HDI, falls to 131st in the SDI, while the
US, 13th in the ul Haq index, is 159th out of 163 countries featured in
the new system.
Mr Hickel added: “The SDI ranking reveals that all countries are still
“developing” – countries with the highest levels of human development
still need to significantly reduce their ecological impact, while
countries with the lowest levels of ecological impact still need to
significantly improve their performance on social indicators.”
/The SDI is available at sustainabledevelopmentindex.org
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