[News] Haiti, 17 Months After the Quake
news at freedomarchives.org
Thu Jun 23 11:41:12 EDT 2011
June 23, 2011
Still Displaced by Disaster
Haiti, 17 Months After the Quake
By BILL QUIGLEY
Haiti experienced a major earthquake January 12,
2010. Tens of thousands died, estimates range
from 65,000 to 230,000 people killed. About 2
million more people were displaced. Haiti was
already the poorest country in the Western
Hemisphere with a per capita income of about $2 a
day. Seventeen months later, Haiti remains deeply
wounded. The numbers below give an indication of
some of the challenges that remain for the Haitian people.
570,000 people in Haiti have moved back into
84,000 buildings which are heavily damaged and
marked by engineers as "yellow" because they may
collapse in foul weather or in the event of
another tremor. USAID Draft Report 2011. "I see
little children sleeping next to the heavily
cracked walls every day," said one of the experts quoted in the USAID report.
465,000 people have moved back into 73,000
buildings that are so terribly damaged they are
designated for demolition and are categorized as
"red" because they may fall at any moment. USAID Draft Report 2011.
250,000 to 800,000 people in and around Port au
Prince Haiti are still living under flimsy tents
or tarps where water and electricity are scarce,
security is poor and people are exposed to
diseases. UN Report January 2011 and USAID Draft Report 2011.
166,000 people living in tents have been
threatened with evictions, nearly one in four of
the people living under tarps and tents.
International Organization for Migration, April 2011.
1000 people were illegally evicted at gunpoint
from three tent camps in the Delmas suburb of
Port au Prince during one week in May 2011. They
are part of a series of illegal evictions of over
50,000 homeless people in Haiti in the last
several months. June 16, 2011 human rights
complaint filed with the Inter American
Commission on Human Rights by IJDH, CCR, BAI and Trans Africa.
320,000 cases of cholera have been reported in
the epidemic in Haiti since the earthquake.
Center for Economic Policy and Research (CEPR) Haiti Reconstruction Watch.
170,000 people with cholera have been seen at hospitals. CEPR.
5335 people have died from cholera since the epidemic started. CEPR.
172 temporary toilets serve the approximately
30,000 people living in tents in downtown Port au
Prince around the National Palace. That is one
toilet for every 174 people. Haiti Grassroots Watch June 9 2011 report.
0 Zero is the number of people who died of
cholera in Haiti before the earthquake. The
epidemic originated with UN troops brought into
Haiti whose waste was inadequately treated and
discharged by UN subcontractors into rivers used
by people for washing, cooking and bathing.
US Funds for Reconstruction of Haiti
$918 million is the amount allocated by Congress
for US reconstruction development in Haiti in
July 2010. May 2011 GAO Report on Haiti Reconstruction.
$184 million was actually obligated as of March
2011. May 2011 GAO Report on Haiti Reconstruction.
Another $63 million was allocated to emergency
services. May 2011 GAO Report on Haiti
Reconstruction. (Another $1 billion was allocated
for relief funds to reimburse US emergency and humanitarian activities).
In 1998, the United Nation Commission on Human
Rights received the Guiding Principles on
Internal Displacement which guarantee human
dignity and human rights to many groups of people
including all people displaced by natural
disasters. On a visit to Haiti, the UN expert on
internal displacement said, "Haiti is living
through a profound humanitarian crisis that
affects the human rights of those displaced by the disaster."
The people of Haiti are our sisters and brothers.
The systematic violation of their human rights is
a violation that must push us to greater
solidarity and action. Do what you can.
Bill Quigley teaches at Loyola University New
Orleans College of Law and is Associate Director
of the Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR). He
volunteers with the Institute for Justice and
Democracy in Haiti (IJDH) and the Bureau de
Avocats Internationaux (BAI) in Port au Prince.
You can reach Bill at <mailto:quigley77 at gmail.com>quigley77 at gmail.com
522 Valencia Street
San Francisco, CA 94110
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