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href="https://richardsonreports.wordpress.com/2019/12/11/war-week-was-fifty-years-ago-when-the-fbi-fought-the-black-panthers-in-chicago-los-angeles-and-omaha/">https://richardsonreports.wordpress.com/2019/12/11/war-week-was-fifty-years-ago-when-the-fbi-fought-the-black-panthers-in-chicago-los-angeles-and-omaha/</a></font>
        <h1 class="reader-title">War week was fifty years ago when the
          FBI fought the Black Panthers in Chicago, Los Angeles, and
          Omaha</h1>
        Michael Richardson - December 11, 2019</div>
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                <p data-adtags-visited="true">War week against the Black
                  Panther Party fifty years ago, in early December 1969,
                  took on lethal ferocity with the murders of <a
href="https://richardsonreports.wordpress.com/2019/02/22/black-panther-leader-fred-hamptons-grave-defaced-by-gunfire-shows-some-things-have-not-changed/">Fred
                    Hampton</a> and Mark Clark in Chicago. The killings
                  were orchestrated by Federal Bureau of Investigation
                  agents under a clandestine counterintelligence
                  operation code-named <a
href="https://richardsonreports.wordpress.com/2018/11/12/fbi-leaders-led-conspiracy-to-frame-black-panthers-in-omaha-for-policemans-murder/">COINTELPRO</a>.
                  FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover had declared war on the
                  Black Panthers and wanted them eliminated. Hoover
                  pushed the FBI field offices to get Panthers off the
                  streets using any tactics necessary.</p>
                <p data-adtags-visited="true">The Los Angeles FBI office
                  sent a memorandum to Hoover that reported the Bureau
                  was providing information to local police. “The Los
                  Angeles office is furnishing on a daily basis
                  information to the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Office
                  Intelligence Division and the Los Angeles Police
                  Department Intelligence and Criminal Conspiracy
                  Divisions concerning the activities of the black
                  nationalist groups in the anticipation that such
                  information might lead to the arrest of these
                  militants.”</p>
                <p data-adtags-visited="true">In Chicago, FBI agent Roy
                  Mitchell erroneously informed State’s Attorney Edward
                  Hanrahan’s special police unit that weapons had been
                  moved into Black Panther leader Fred Hampton’s
                  apartment.</p>
                <p data-adtags-visited="true">On December 4, 1969, in a
                  FBI orchestrated pre-dawn raid by Hanrahan’s special
                  squad, Black Panthers Fred Hampton and Mark Clark were
                  shot to death. Fourteen handpicked policemen, armed
                  with twenty-seven firearms including a Thompson
                  submachine and shotguns, converged on Hampton’s
                  apartment at 4:45 a.m. The police fired a barrage into
                  the quiet apartment killing the two Panther leaders
                  and wounding all of the other occupants.</p>
                <p data-adtags-visited="true">Three years later a report
                  from an independent Commission of Inquiry into the
                  fatal shooting of Fred Hampton and Mark Clark was
                  sharply critical of law enforcement officials. The
                  role of the FBI in the deadly raid was not then known.</p>
                <p data-adtags-visited="true">“The fact that neither the
                  state’s attorney nor the police have been indicted for
                  their roles in the planning and execution of the
                  raid…raises disturbing questions about the degree to
                  which improper police or prosecutorial conduct is
                  presently subject to any orderly system of correction
                  and control.”</p>
                <p data-adtags-visited="true">“It is very difficult
                  legally to justify the vast amount of shooting
                  throughout the apartment by police when only one shot
                  can be ascribed with confidence to any occupant.”</p>
                <p data-adtags-visited="true">“The police who removed
                  the bodies received their instructions from the
                  State’s Attorney’s Office….By moving the bodies in the
                  apartment from the locations in which they died, and
                  then removing them from the premises entirely, the
                  police on the scene severely hampered the coroner’s
                  ability to perform his duty of determining the
                  immediate and underlying cause of death. The inference
                  is compelling that the State’s Attorney’s Office
                  simply did not want a contemporaneous on-the-scene
                  investigation by the Coroner’s Office.”</p>
                <p data-adtags-visited="true">On December 8, 1969, a
                  coordinated pre-dawn raid in Los Angeles resulted in
                  the arrests of twenty people at three locations. The
                  first-ever SWAT team attacked the Black Panther
                  headquarters only to be repelled by gunfire. A gun
                  battle raged for four hours before six wounded
                  Panthers surrendered. Black Panther leader Geronimo
                  Pratt was a target but avoided the gun battle by
                  hiding in a safe house. Pratt was later arrested and
                  wrongfully convicted of murder, spending twenty-seven
                  years in prison for a crime he did not commit.</p>
                <p data-adtags-visited="true">Attorney Paul Wolf has
                  commented, “The similarities between the Chicago and
                  Los Angeles raids are undeniable, with a special local
                  police unit closely linked to the FBI involved in both
                  assaults, spurious warrants seeking “illegal weapons”
                  utilized on both occasions, predawn timing of both
                  raids to catch the Panthers asleep and a reliance on
                  overwhelming police firepower to the exclusion of all
                  other methods.”</p>
                <p data-adtags-visited="true">Two days after the raid in
                  Los Angeles, J. Edgar Hoover was unhappy with a lack
                  of action in Omaha. Hoover sent a stern memorandum to
                  Special Agent in Charge <a
href="https://richardsonreports.wordpress.com/2019/01/18/fbi-special-agent-in-charge-paul-young-plotted-conspiracy-against-black-panthers/">Paul
                    Young.</a> “ As long as there are BPP activities,
                  you should be giving consideration to that type of
                  counterintelligence measure which would best disrupt
                  existing activities. It would appear some type of
                  counterintelligence aimed at disruption of the
                  publication and distribution of their literature is in
                  order. It is also assumed that of the eight to twelve
                  members, one or two must surely be in a position of
                  leadership. You should give consideration to
                  counterintelligence measures directed against these
                  leaders in an effort to weaken or destroy their
                  positions. Bureau has noted you have not submitted any
                  concrete counterintelligence proposals in recent
                  months. Evaluate your approach to this program and
                  insure that it is given the imaginative attention
                  necessary to produce effective results. Handle
                  promptly and submit your proposals to the Bureau for
                  approval.”</p>
                <p data-adtags-visited="true">Hoover’s command to be
                  “imaginative” and “effective”has to be understood in
                  the context of the shootings in Los Angeles and
                  Chicago during that same week. Young would respond
                  eight months later with his own lethal solution, the
                  electric chair. After an Omaha policeman was killed in
                  a bombing in August 1970 the FBI assisted the Omaha
                  police in making a case against <a
href="https://richardsonreports.wordpress.com/2018/11/01/nebraskas-most-controversial-prisoner-ed-poindexter-marks-forty-eight-birthdays-behind-bars/">Ed
                    Poindexter</a> and <a
href="https://richardsonreports.wordpress.com/2018/12/17/growing-up-black-in-omaha-included-loitering-arrest-for-poet-activist-david-rice/">David
                    Rice</a> (later <a
href="https://richardsonreports.wordpress.com/2019/01/11/prison-wisdom-of-wopashitwe-mondo-eyen-we-langa/">Wopashitwe
                    Mondo Eyen we Langa</a>). Prosecutors sought the
                  death penalty against the two men who were convicted
                  after a controversial trial in April 1971. The <a
href="https://richardsonreports.wordpress.com/2019/01/28/fbi-laboratory-director-ivan-conrad-withheld-report-on-policemans-murder/">FBI
                    Laboratory</a> withheld a report on the identity of
                  an anonymous 911 caller who lured police into a trap
                  letting a policeman’s killer get away with murder in
                  order to convict Mondo and Poindexter. Mondo died in
                  2016 at the Nebraska State Penitentiary. Poindexter
                  remains confined forty-nine years later at the
                  maximum-security prison serving a life without parole
                  sentence.</p>
                <p data-adtags-visited="true">The FBI war against the
                  Black Panthers was the Bureau’s top priority under
                  COINTELPRO and misdeeds and crimes were committed by
                  FBI agents in dozens of cities until the secret
                  program was terminated in April 1971 after the
                  break-in of an FBI office in Media, Pennsylvania.
                  Although the war week stands out for its violence, in
                  reality illegal counterintelligence operations were
                  carried out all over the country every day under
                  COINTELRO directives from Hoover.</p>
                <p data-adtags-visited="true"><i>This article contains
                    excerpts from</i> <a
href="https://richardsonreports.wordpress.com/2018/08/30/new-book-on-fbis-war-against-the-black-panthers-gets-five-star-review/">FRAMED:
                    J. Edgar Hoover, COINTELPRO & the Omaha Two
                    story</a>,<i> in print edition at </i><a
href="https://www.amazon.com/FRAMED-Edgar-Hoover-COINTELPRO-Omaha/dp/1985021994/ref=sr_1_43?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1530637788&sr=1-43&keywords=framed">Amazon</a><i>
                    and in </i><a
href="https://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss?url=node%3D154606011&field-keywords=FRAMED%3A+J.+Edgar+Hoover%2C+COINTELPRO+%26+the+Omaha+Two+story">ebook</a><i>.
                    Portions of the book may be read free online at </i><a
href="https://northomahahistory.com/2017/07/07/framed-series-summary-by-michael-richardson/">NorthOmahaHistory.com</a>.
                  <i>The book is also available to patrons of the Omaha
                    Public Library.</i></p>
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