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href="http://www.addameer.org/news/international-human-rights-day-palestinian-peoples-suffering-continues">http://www.addameer.org/news/international-human-rights-day-palestinian-peoples-suffering-continues</a></font>
        <h1 class="reader-title">On International Human Rights Day,
          Palestinian People's Suffering Continues</h1>
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          <div class="reader-estimated-time" dir="ltr"
            style="text-align: left;">December 10, 2019<br>
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                  <p>Palestinians mark <strong>International Human
                      Rights Day</strong> following a year of nonstop
                    violence and widespread human rights violations by
                    Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF), against the
                    Palestinian population used, as a form of collective
                    punishment and a method of control of Palestinian
                    society. These consistent and systematic policies by
                    the occupation include, extrajudicial executions and
                    issuance of discriminatory legislations, mass
                    arrests campaigns, torture, administrative
                    detention, and medical negligence against
                    Palestinian political prisoners.</p>
                  <p><strong>Arrests of Palestinians</strong></p>
                  <p>Under <strong>Article 3</strong> and <strong>Article
                      9</strong> of the <strong>Universal Declaration of
                      Human Rights</strong>, all human beings have the
                    right to liberty and the right not to be subjected
                    to arbitrary arrest and detention. Palestinians,
                    however, have suffered from a widespread policy of
                    arrests and use of arbitrary detention by the
                    Israeli occupation forces (IOF) for decades.</p>
                  <p>In 2018 alone, the Israeli occupation forces (IOF)
                    arrested around (6500) Palestinians, including
                    (1080) children, (133) women, (6) PLC members and
                    (17) journalists. Additionally, they issued (912)
                    administrative detention orders, (398) of which were
                    new.</p>
                  <p>In 2019, the IOF continued its policy of arbitrary
                    detention of Palestinians. By the end of November
                    2019, the Israeli occupation forces (IOF) arrested
                    around (5190) Palestinians. The month of November
                    2019 ended with around (5000) prisoners including
                    (185) children, (38) women, (8) PLC members.
                    Additionally, there are 460 administrative
                    detainees, and around (700) prisoners with health
                    issues needing urgent medical attention. There are
                    also (26) long-term prisoners who were arrested
                    before the signing of the Oslo Accords in 1993;
                    including  the two longest serving prisoners, Karim
                    and Maher Younis, who were arrested in 1983.</p>
                  <p><strong>Administrative Detention of Palestinians</strong></p>
                  <p>The IOF detain Palestinians without charges or
                    undergoing fair trial. This prevents the detainee
                    and his/her lawyer from knowing the reasons for
                    detention, and prevents building an effective and
                    strong defense. The administrative detention order
                    can be renewed indefinitely, <strong>causing
                      indefinite detention.</strong> It is issued
                    through the executive not the judiciary authority,
                    which violates the principle of a fair trial. The
                    systematic, widespread, arbitrary, and indefinite
                    use of administrative detention by the Israeli
                    occupying state, without guaranteeing the basic
                    standards of a fair trial, is a form of
                    psychological torture, a violation of international
                    humanitarian law, and a war crime.</p>
                  <p>The number of administrative detainees in Israeli
                    prisons, at the end of November 2019 reached around
                    (460) detainees, including (5) PLC  members, two
                    female prisoners and two children.</p>
                  <p><strong>Imprisonment of Palestinian Children</strong></p>
                  <p>Under International Human Rights Law, children must
                    be afforded special protection and their best
                    interest should always be a primary consideration.
                    The Convention on the Rights of the Child, which was
                    ratified by Israel in 1991, prohibits the arbitrary
                    detention of children and stipulates that the
                    detention and imprisonment of children should only
                    be used as a measure of last resort and for the
                    shortest appropriate period of time. Palestinian
                    children, however, are regularly subjected to
                    arrests and detention by Israeli occupation.
                    Children often undergo ill-treatment at the hands of
                    IOF forces and are subject to a wide array of
                    violations. Arrests usually take place in night
                    raids and are often physically and verbally abused
                    during arrest, transfer and detention.</p>
                  <p>As of November 2019, the number of Palestinian
                    children in Israeli occupation prisons, is 185
                    children, including (2) held under administrative
                    detention.</p>
                  <p><strong>Torture and ill-Treatment</strong></p>
                  <p>Despite the absolute and non-derogable prohibition
                    against torture, enshrined under article (2) of the
                    International Convention against Torture and
                    ratified by Israel on 3 October 1991, Israeli
                    torture against Palestinian detainees is systematic
                    and widespread. Affidavits and documented cases
                    gathered by various human rights organizations in
                    the occupied Palestinian territories, including
                    Addameer Prisoner Support and Human Rights
                    Association, have shown that the Israeli occupation
                    authorities use torture as a first measure for
                    extracting statements from Palestinian detainees, in
                    violation of their rights to bodily integrity,
                    physical safety, and basic dignity.</p>
                  <p>Torture and ill treatment has continued throughout
                    2019 Addameer has documented an escalation of the
                    use of violence and excessive force against
                    Palestinians during arrest and detention. Several
                    Palestinian were arrested after being shot by IOF
                    forces in the aftermath of alleged attacks. Many of
                    those who were arrested after being shot were
                    subjected to field interrogations while bleedings,
                    interrogations during treatment in hospitals while
                    chained to bed as well as being subjected to harsh
                    interrogations shortly after release from hospitals.
                    Torture methods include, traditional physical
                    violence, such as, harsh beatings, sleep
                    deprivation, stress positions such as (the banana
                    and frog positions),<a name="_ftnref1" title=""
                      id="_ftnref1">[1]</a> deprivation of food and
                    water, physiological torture, such as threats
                    against family members, threats of sexual violence,
                    and threats of administrative detention without
                    charge or trial.</p>
                  <p>Addameer is particularly alarmed at the case of
                    Samer Arbeed, who was arrested on 25 September
                    2019.  Samer was tortured nearly to the point of
                    death, and was transferred to the hospital on 27
                    September 2019, following 2 days in interrogation at
                    Al-Mascobiyya Interrogation Center, due to
                    life-threatening injuries.</p>
                  <p><strong>Medical Negligence</strong></p>
                  <p>Medical negligence continues to be a policy, with
                    not only specialized medical care, but also the
                    minimum standards for medical care are unavailable
                    to prisoners and detainees. The Israeli Prison
                    Service (IPS) has adopted a policy of deliberate
                    medical neglect against prisoners and detainees.
                    Human rights organizations estimate that since 1967,
                    (222) Palestinian prisoners have died in Israeli
                    prisons and detention centers, including (67)
                    prisoners died as a result of medical negligence. 
                    In 2019 alone, 5 prisoners died in Israeli prisons,
                    (3) out of which died as a result of medical
                    negligence.</p>
                  <p><strong>Human Rights Defenders </strong></p>
                  <p>In 2019, the (IOF) continued its  crackdown and
                    repression of human rights defenders. Currently,
                    Addameer faces gag orders against around (40) of the
                    cases they represent, who are in interrogation. The
                    gag order prohibits us from releasing any
                    information to the public regarding their detention
                    status, or face grave consequences.</p>
                  <p>In the early hours of 19 September 2019, the
                    Addameer office in Ramallah were raided, and
                    essential equipment, including laptops, memory
                    cards, books and publications were stolen by the
                    (IOF), and have yet to be returned. Indeed, civil
                    society organizations and their staff are targeted
                    for doing the work of upholding and being vocal
                    about human rights violations. Several of Addameer’s
                    staff have travel bans that prevent them from
                    traveling outside of Palestine. Moreover, Addameer’s
                    legal coordinator Ayman Nasser has been under
                    administrative detention since September 2018
                    without charge or trial. His administrative
                    detention order has been renewed for three times
                    after the end of his first detention order.</p>
                  <p><strong>Conclusion</strong></p>
                  <p>On the International Human Rights Day, Addameer
                    calls for an end to ongoing violations by Israeli
                    occupation forces in the form of mass arrest
                    campaigns, rapidly increasing use of administrative
                    detention, continued denial of fair trial, and
                    illegal torture and ill-treatment of Palestinian
                    detainees. Addameer calls on members of the
                    international community, particularly UN Member
                    States and UN bodies and agencies, to hold Israel
                    accountable for its ongoing violations against the
                    Palestinian occupied population.</p>
                  <p>Addameer believes Israeli mass incarceration of
                    Palestinians is an inextricable part of the ongoing
                    violence of occupation.  Tearing at the fabric of
                    Palestinian society, recent arrest campaigns seek to
                    quash Palestinian ability to endure in their
                    struggles against the occupation. It is important
                    that on this day, we all stand united to call for an
                    end to Israeli violations of Palestinian rights and
                    an end to the Israeli occupation.  As Israel acts
                    with ever growing contempt for international law and
                    the will of the international community, action is
                    now needed more than ever. </p>
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                      <p><a name="_ftn1" title="" id="_ftn1">[1]</a> The
                        frog stress position is a position in which the
                        detainee is forced to squat while bending the
                        tips of his toes. The banana stress position,
                        includes shackling the hands and feet of the
                        detainee behind the back and stretching his body
                        into a banana shape.</p>
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