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href="http://www.addameer.org/news/urgent-action-hunger-strikers-risk-permanent-health-complications">http://www.addameer.org/news/urgent-action-hunger-strikers-risk-permanent-health-complications</a></font>
        <h1 id="reader-title">Urgent Action: Hunger strikers at risk of
          permanent health complications</h1>
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            left;"><span class="date-display-single">07 November 2017</span></div>
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                                        <p>Today marks the twenty-first
                                          day that Bilal Diab has been
                                          undertaking a hunger strike
                                          against his administrative
                                          detention. Having been held
                                          without charge for a year and
                                          hunger striking for 78 days in
                                          2012, Bilal was rearrested by
                                          occupation forces on 14 July
                                          2017. He was given a six month
                                          administrative detention
                                          order, without being informed
                                          of the apparent reason for his
                                          imprisonment.</p>
                                        <p>This barber from the village
                                          of Kufr Ra’i, outside of
                                          Jenin, is currently
                                          undertaking the third hunger
                                          strike since his initial
                                          imprisonment in 2012. These
                                          strikes add up to a total of
                                          113 days spent without food.</p>
                                        <p>Such a period, despite the
                                          fact that it has been split
                                          up, is currently having
                                          serious impacts on his health.
                                          From day 10 to day 21 of a
                                          hunger strike, the period
                                          termed ‘decomposition’ begins.
                                          This period is characterized
                                          by emaciation, and a sharp
                                          decrease in cognitive ability.
                                          The risk of long term health
                                          consequences, and death,
                                          severely rises after day 21. </p>
                                        <p>Hunger striking requires a
                                          huge measure of discipline and
                                          will. It amounts to a form of
                                          self-torture, which can bring
                                          the individual extremely close
                                          to death. We all must ask, why
                                          do Palestinian prisoners
                                          continually put themselves in
                                          such conditions. The answer
                                          inevitably is that, in the
                                          mind of these prisoners,
                                          perpetual detainment without
                                          charge or reason amounts to a
                                          fate worse than death. It is
                                          neither being really alive or
                                          really dead, but a kind of
                                          limbo.</p>
                                        <p>Bilal is being held under a
                                          process known as
                                          ‘administrative detention’.
                                          Under such a process,
                                          individuals can be held for an
                                          indefinite period of time
                                          without charge or knowing the
                                          reason for their detainment.
                                          Administrative detention
                                          orders are issued for up to
                                          six month periods, and can
                                          theoretically be renewed an
                                          infinite number of times. They
                                          are issued based on
                                          information provided to a
                                          judge by the intelligence
                                          services, which is meant to
                                          demonstrate the apparent
                                          security risk of the
                                          individual in question. This
                                          information does not have to
                                          be shared by the judge with
                                          the individual or with their
                                          legal representation.</p>
                                        <p>Addameer considers
                                          administrative detention to be
                                          illegal under international
                                          humanitarian law. The scope
                                          and extent to which the policy
                                          is applied by the occupation
                                          authorities means that it
                                          cannot possibly be for
                                          “imperative reasons of
                                          security”, as stipulated under
                                          Article 78 of the Fourth
                                          Geneva Convention. Currently,
                                          there are 463 individuals
                                          being held under this process.</p>
                                        <p>As such, Addameer is calling
                                          for an urgent action regarding
                                          Bilal’s case and the other two
                                          prisoners, Hasan Hasneen
                                          Showka and Hamze Marwan
                                          Boozea, who have been on
                                          hunger strike for 28 and 22
                                          days respectively. More
                                          information on each of their
                                          cases will be released over
                                          the coming days.  </p>
                                        <p>We call for the immediate
                                          release of these three
                                          prisoners in particular, and
                                          all administrative detainees
                                          in general. If the occupation
                                          regime wishes to detain these
                                          people, they should allow for
                                          due process and a fair trial.</p>
                                        <p>In order to pressure the
                                          occupation authorities, we
                                          call on our supporters to do
                                          the following:</p>
                                        <ul>
                                          <li> If from an EU country, we
                                            call on you to contact your
                                            EU parliament member and
                                            compel them to issue a
                                            statement in the Parliament
                                            against administrative
                                            detention.</li>
                                          <li> If for any other
                                            countries, contact your
                                            local representative to
                                            compel them to do the same.</li>
                                          <li> Share Addameer’s
                                            information on both
                                            Administrative Detention,
                                            and our upcoming information
                                            on hunger strikes.</li>
                                          <li> Change your profile
                                            picture on social media to
                                            the picture below in
                                            solidarity for the duration
                                            of the hunger strike.</li>
                                        </ul>
                                        <p>In solidarity with the hunger
                                          strikers, Addameer will be
                                          publishing more information on
                                          the prisoners, hunger strikes,
                                          and administrative detention
                                          in the coming days. </p>
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