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href="http://www.addameer.org/publications/detained-palestinian-legislative-council-members-0">http://www.addameer.org/publications/detained-palestinian-legislative-council-members-0</a></font>
        <h1 id="reader-title">Detained Palestinian Legislative Council
          Members</h1>
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            left;"><span class="date-display-single">25 July 2017</span></div>
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                  <p class="rtejustify">According to international law
                    and Israeli courts no one can be detained for their
                    political opinions. This is affirmed in the
                    International Covenant on Civil and Political
                    Rights, article 2, which states that states parties
                    are to ensure  “to all individuals within its
                    territory and subject to its jurisdiction the rights
                    recognized in the present Covenant, without
                    distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex,
                    language, religion, political or other opinions,
                    national or social origin, property, birth or other
                    status” (United Nations General Assembly Resolution
                    2200A (XXI) of 16 December 1966). However,
                    Palestinian political leaders are routinely arrested
                    and detained as part of an ongoing Israeli effort to
                    suppress Palestinian political processes – and, as a
                    necessary result, political sovereignty and
                    self-determination.</p>
                  <p class="rtejustify">In recent years, this process
                    has focused particularly on members of the
                    Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC). In the
                    lead-up to the 2006 PLC elections, Israeli forces
                    launched their campaign of arrest against PLC
                    members, detaining 450 members of the “Change and
                    Reform” party mostly involved in the elections,
                    either through active campaigning or who were taking
                    part in the municipal elections in various West Bank
                    cities. The majority of those detained were kept in
                    administrative detention for different periods. Some
                    were released on the day of the election or a couple
                    of days before or after it. </p>
                  <p class="rtejustify">Following the capture of Israeli
                    soldier Gilad Shalit on 25 June 2006 by Hamas at the
                    Kerem Shalom Crossing on the Gaza Strip border,
                    Israeli forces seized dozens of leaders and
                    activists associated with Hamas in coordinated raids
                    across the West Bank, including PLC members. The
                    latter were either placed in administrative
                    detention or charged with offenses based on their
                    membership of the “Change and Reform List”, which
                    the Israeli authorities allege is affiliated with
                    Hamas, an illegal party according to Israeli
                    military legislation. These detentions occurred
                    despite the fact that Israel itself allowed the
                    elections to be held and did not oppose the Change
                    and Reform List’s participation in these elections.
                    In fact, it was only in February 2007 that the
                    Israeli authorities declared the Change and Reform
                    List to be illegal, almost a year after most of the
                    initial arrests.</p>
                  <p class="rtejustify">In 2009, nearly a third of all
                    Palestinian legislators were held in Israeli
                    detention, preventing the PLC from reconvening since
                    mid-2007. As of 1 April 2014, 11 PLC members
                    continue to be held by Israel, the majority of them
                    (9) under administrative detention.</p>
                  <p class="rtejustify">Two of the most well-known
                    Palestinian political prisoners are PLC members
                    Marwan Barghouti and Ahmad Sa’adat. While initial
                    reports hinted that the two would be released as
                    part of the prisoner exchange deal in October 2011,
                    they were not included.</p>
                  <p class="rtejustify">Barghouti, a prominent Fatah
                    leader, was arrested by Israeli forces on 15 April
                    2002. Throughout his trial process, Barghouti
                    maintained that the Israeli court was illegitimate
                    and illegal, and therefore refused to present a
                    defense. He was sentenced to five life sentences
                    with an additional 40 years.</p>
                  <p class="rtejustify">Popular Front for the Liberation
                    of Palestine (PFLP) Secretary General Ahmad Sa’adat
                    was arrested by Israel on 14 March 2006 when he was
                    taken from the Palestinian Authority’s Jericho
                    prison in a raid. Two years later, he was sentenced
                    to 30 years. In March 2008, Sa’adat received an
                    order to be placed in isolation for six months,
                    which was subsequently renewed every six months for
                    over three years. He was removed from isolation upon
                    the conclusion of Palestinian prisoners’ mass hunger
                    strike in May 2012.</p>
                  <p class="rtejustify">Recently, on 2 July 2017,
                    Khalida Jarrar, who has been a PLC member since
                    2006, was arrested by Israeli occupation forces and
                    is currently detained in HaSharon prison. She was
                    issued a 6-month administrative order on 12 July
                    2017. </p>
                  <p class="rtejustify">The continued targeting of
                    Palestinian legislative council members must be
                    viewed in a broader context of systematic attempts
                    by the Israeli occupation to suppress Palestinian
                    political processes, which attempts to hold Israel
                    accountable for the crimes committed against
                    Palestinians. Evidence of this repression can be
                    seen in the increasing number of Palestinian
                    legislative council members currently imprisoned by
                    the Israeli occupation. </p>
                  <p class="rtejustify"><strong>Currently, there are 12
                      PLC members in Israeli prisons, nine of whom are
                      held under administrative detention.  </strong></p>
                  <p class="rtejustify">PLC members currently detained
                    by Israel:</p>
                  <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" width="648"
                    border="1">
                    <tbody>
                      <tr>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">No.</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Name</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Area</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Date of arrest</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Prison</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Sentence</p>
                        </td>
                      </tr>
                      <tr>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">1</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Marwan Al-Bargouthi</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Ramallah</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">15/4/2002</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Hadarim</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">5 life-sentences</p>
                        </td>
                      </tr>
                      <tr>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">2</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Ahmad Sadaat</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Ramllah</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">13/6/2006</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Jalbou’</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">30 years</p>
                        </td>
                      </tr>
                      <tr>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">3</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Hasan Yusuf</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Ramallah</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p>20/10/2015</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Ofer</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Administrative detention</p>
                        </td>
                      </tr>
                      <tr>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">4</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Mohammad Al-Natsheh</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Hebron</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">28/09/2016</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Rimon</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Administrative detention</p>
                        </td>
                      </tr>
                      <tr>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">5</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Khalida Jarrar</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Ramallah</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">2/7/2017</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">HaSharon</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Administrative detention</p>
                        </td>
                      </tr>
                      <tr>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">6</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Ahmad Attoun</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Jerusalem</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">17/04/2017</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">-</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Administrative detention</p>
                        </td>
                      </tr>
                      <tr>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">7</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Azzam Salhab</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Hebron</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">28/11/2016</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Ofer</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Administrative detention</p>
                        </td>
                      </tr>
                      <tr>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">8</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Mohammad Bader</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Hebron</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">28/06/2017</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">-</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Administrative detention</p>
                        </td>
                      </tr>
                      <tr>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">9</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Mohammad Al Tal</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Hebron</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">21/03/2017</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Ofer</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Administrative detention</p>
                        </td>
                      </tr>
                      <tr>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">10</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Ibrahim Dahbour</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Jenin</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">23/03/2017</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Megiddo</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Administrative detention</p>
                        </td>
                      </tr>
                      <tr>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">11</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Ahmad Mubarak</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Ramallah</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">06/01/2017</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Megiddo</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Administrative detention</p>
                        </td>
                      </tr>
                      <tr>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">12</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Omar Abdul Razeq</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">Salfit</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">23/07/2017</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">-</p>
                        </td>
                        <td>
                          <p align="center">tbd</p>
                        </td>
                      </tr>
                    </tbody>
                  </table>
                  <p><strong><em>Recent resolutions taken by
                        international bodies in regards to detained PLC
                        members:</em></strong></p>
                  <p class="rtejustify"><strong>European Parliament
                      resolution of 5 July 2012 on EU policy on the West
                      Bank and East Jerusalem: </strong>“Calls for an
                    end to the administrative detention without formal
                    charge or trial of Palestinians by Israeli
                    authorities, for access to a fair trial for all
                    Palestinian detainees, and for the release of
                    Palestinian political prisoners, with special regard
                    for members of the Palestinian Legislative Council,
                    including Marwan Barghouti, and administrative
                    detainees; calls also for the immediate release of
                    Nabil Al-Raee, the artistic director of the Freedom
                    Theatre in Jenin Refugee Camp, arrested on and
                    detained since 6 June 2012; welcomes the agreement
                    reached on 14 May 2012 that allowed for the end of
                    the hunger strike of the Palestinian prisoners and
                    calls for its full and immediate implementation.”</p>
                  <p><strong>International Parliamentary Union (IPU)
                      resolution adopted unanimously by the IPU
                      Governing Council at its 190<sup>th</sup> session
                      on 5 April 2012</strong>:</p>
                  <p class="rtejustify"> “<em>Reaffirms</em> its
                    position in this regard that Mr. Barghouti’s arrest
                    and transfer to Israeli territory were in violation
                    of international law;<em>also reaffirms</em>, in the
                    light of the compelling legal arguments put forward
                    in Mr. Foreman’s report, on which the Israeli
                    authorities have not provided observations, that
                    Mr. Barghouti’s trial failed to meet the fair-trial
                    standards which Israel, as a party to the
                    International Covenant on Civil and Political
                    Rights, is bound to respect, and that as a result
                    Mr. Barghouti’s guilt has not been established; <em>Reiterates, </em>therefore,
                    its call for his immediate release.”;</p>
                  <p class="rtejustify"> “<em>Reaffirms </em>its
                    position that Mr. Sa’adat’s abduction and transfer
                    to Israel were related not to the murder charge but
                    rather to his political activities as PFLP General
                    Secretary, and that the proceedings brought against
                    him were, therefore, based on political
                    considerations; <em>reiterates,</em> therefore, its
                    call for his immediate release.”;</p>
                  <p class="rtejustify"><em>“Considers </em>in this
                    regard that the continued practice of administrative
                    detention is bound to impede the proper functioning
                    of the Palestinian Legislative Council, as its
                    members can be arrested at any time and placed in
                    administrative detention for as long as the Israeli
                    military authorities wish”;</p>
                  <p class="rtejustify"><em>“Expresses serious
                      misgivings </em>in this respect about the ability
                    of those held in administrative detention to benefit
                    from due process, despite the rules pertaining
                    thereto, Supreme Court case-law and any safeguards
                    they contain to prevent the abusive use of
                    administrative detention”; </p>
                  <p class="rtejustify"><em>“Notes </em>that any
                    decision regarding administrative detention must be
                    based on a "specific and concrete threat",
                    documented through "current and reliable
                    information", preceded by a process to "exhaust the
                    possibility of utilizing alternative criminal
                    procedures before resorting to administrative
                    detention", and include "the right to appeal"; <em>invites </em>the
                    Israeli authorities to provide further information
                    on these aspects, in particular why it is no longer
                    possible to have recourse to normal criminal
                    procedures and what steps they have taken to ensure
                    an effective and meaningful appeal process”.</p>
                  <p class="rtejustify"><strong>Local EU statement on
                      recent arrests of Palestinian lawmakers on 28
                      January 2012: </strong>“The EU Missions in
                    Jerusalem and Ramallah are concerned about the
                    arrest at the ICRC office in East-Jerusalem of
                    Palestinian Legislative Council member Mohammed
                    Totah and former Minister for Jerusalem Affairs
                    Khaled Abu Arafeh. The EU missions in Jerusalem and
                    Ramallah are also concerned about the recent arrests
                    of PLC Speaker Aziz Dweik and PLC members Khaled
                    Tafesh and Abduljabbar Foqaha. The EU has followed
                    the case of Palestinians who have found shelter
                    against deportation orders since July 2010 in the
                    office of the International Committee of the Red
                    Cross in East Jerusalem. The EU raised this matter
                    publicly at the Human Rights Council in March 2011.</p>
                  <p class="rtejustify"><strong>European Parliament
                      resolution of 14 March 2013 on the case of Arafat
                      Jaradat and the situation of Palestinian prisoners
                      in Israeli jails: </strong>“Calls once again for
                    the immediate release of all imprisoned members of
                    the PLC, including Marwan Barghouti.” </p>
                  <p class="rtejustify">On 25 March 2015, during its
                    twenty-eighth session, the Human Rights Council
                    expressed “deep concern that thousands of
                    Palestinians, including many children and women and
                    elected members of the Palestinian Legislative
                    Council, continue to be detained and held in Israeli
                    prisons or detention centres under harsh conditions,
                    including, inter alia, unhygienic conditions,
                    solitary confinement, lack of proper medical care,
                    denial of family visits and denial of due process,
                    that impair their well-being, and expressing deep
                    concern also about the ill-treatment and harassment
                    of any Palestinian prisoner and all reports of
                    torture” (A/HRC/28/L.34).</p>
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