[Pnews] New documentary tells cruel story of men who spent 113 years in solitary confinement
ppnews at freedomarchives.org
Mon May 15 10:46:29 EDT 2017
New documentary tells cruel story of men who spent 113 years in
May 14, 2017
*THE tragic life of three men who spent a combined 113 years in solitary
confinement has been revealed in a new documentary — including the
terrible twist when one of them was released. *
The “Angola 3” — Robert King, Herman Wallace, and Albert Woodfox — were
locked up at the Louisiana State Penitentiary when a corrections
officer, Brent Miller, was killed in April 1972.
All three were members of the revolutionary black nationalist and
socialist Black Panther Party and were accused of the murder and thrown
into solitary confinement.
It would be a decade before anyone even started fighting for them. And
29 years before the first of them, King, had his conviction overturned.
For Wallace and Woodfox, the wait for freedom spanned four decades: 41
and 43 years respectively.
Now the documentary, /Cruel and Unusual/, tells their stories, with its
English filmmakers fundraising to get it screened in New York and Los
Angeles so it can qualify for Oscar consideration.
*THROWN INTO SOLITARY AND FORGOTTEN*
It’s hard to believe that three men could spend so long jailed in such
inhumane conditions, for a murder they didn’t commit, but that’s what
happened to the “Angola 3”.
The men were originally sent to Angola Prison in 1971 on other charges,
but when Miller was killed, the men were targeted as Black Panther Party
members, framed and forgotten, consigned to cells measuring 1.8 metres
by 2.7 metres.
Woodfox and Wallace were convicted of the murder. King was said by
authorities to be linked, but wasn’t charged, reports say. They threw
him in solitary anyway.
That was 1972.
It would be a quarter of a century — 1997 — before a former Black
Panther Party member Malik Rahim and a law student named Scott Fleming
would discover the three were still in solitary.
Finally, the questions about their original trials, the appeals, and the
exposure of their treatment in solitary confinement — whatever they had
done — began.
The case brought against them fell apart with the discovery of tarnished
eye witness statements, lost DNA evidence and alleged misconduct by the
prosecutors. By now their plight had gained international attention.
Amnesty International and a swag of other organisations campaigned for
*ROBERT KING: “WE WERE CAGED UP”*
King was released in 2001 when the court reversed his conviction,
following 29 years in solitary confinement, and he pleaded guilty to a
He spent almost three decades glimpsing the outside world through a tiny
window from his cell, longing for the few hours a week he might feel the
sun on his face, he told /The Guardian
“We were caged up,” he told the publication.
“I don't think a person can go through that and come up unscathed.”
Reflecting on his time in solitary, King said he was shackled hand and
foot whenever he was out of his cell. He could see and talk with a few
of the other prisoners, but they had to be careful not to talk too loud,
or they’d be “written up”.
Initially, there was no windows and no time outside. Eventually, he was
allowed a few hours a week outdoors, and given a cell with a window.
When asked how he didn’t go crazy, he replied, laughing, “I didn’t say I
“It was bitter,” he said. “But there are some things that you can make
out of lemons. I just tried every day to make lemonade.”
King has been instrumental in the making of /Cruel an Unusua/l, a
project which took eight years.
In the years since his release, King has written a book, has become a
prison reform activist and often gives talks on his experiences.
“I can tell you from experience: If you’ve done time in solitary
confinement, you’ve been damaged. Even if you survive it, it has an
impact on you,” he told a recent conference.
*HERMAN WALLACE: CRUEL TWIST*
Wallace spent 41 long years in solitary, and authorities fought his
release to the very end.
After being in solitary confinement for 41 years, Wallace had developed
advanced liver cancer.
A district court judge threatened to hold the state in contempt, and
ordered his release to a hospital on October 1, 2013. Wallace died three
later, on October 4, 2013.
*ALBERT WOODFOX: “I WOULD NOT LET THEM BREAK ME”*
Woodfox continued to protest his innocence as holes in the cases
continued to shock.
He said one eyewitness in the case who claimed to have seen him commit
the murder was later revealed to have been blind
In 2014, judges upheld unanimously that his conviction had been secured
as a result of racial discrimination.
He eventually entered a plea on a lesser charge and was finally released
in February, 2016, after 43 years waiting for justice in a shoebox cell
with a concrete bunk a metal toilet and bars on the front. At least, he
said, he could hear other prisoners.
He is now 69 years old. He was in isolation for longer than any of
Five months after his release he went to Harlem, the place, he told /The
where during his last week of freedom, he met members of the Black
Panther Party for the first time.
It was, he said, “the first time I’d ever seen black folk who were not
Asked how he remained sane in solitary, he told /The Guardian
in his first interview as a free man he made a “conscious decision”, way
back in 1972, that he would survive, and the Angola 3 made a vow to be
“We made a conscious decision that we would never become
institutionalised,” he said. “As the years went by, we made efforts to
improve and motivate ourselves,” he said.
“I promised myself that I would not let them break me, not let them
drive me insane.”
He read newspapers and magazines for at least two hours daily. Watched
news reports and documentaries on the small TV he was allowed.
He counted himself lucky to be able to read and write. But it didn’t
mean he was spared claustrophobia and panic attacks. Sometimes the
claustrophobia was so bad, he’d lean his mattress against the wall, wrap
himself in a blanket and sleep sitting up.
He was in his cell 23 hours a day. The other hour he’d spend in the
concrete box called the exercise yard. He’d walk around it, shackled, on
He is now using the time he has left to end solitary confinement in America.
I get apprehensive when somebody asks me something I can’t answer, like
‘What does it feel like to be free?’” he told /The New Yorker/.
“How do you want me to know how it feels to be free? Ask me in twenty
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