[Pnews] America's War Against Black Power

Prisoner News ppnews at freedomarchives.org
Thu Apr 3 11:19:44 EDT 2014

*America's War Against Black Power

*By Charlene Muhammad <http://www.twitter.com/SisCharlene> -National 
Updated Apr 3, 2014 - 8:36:39 AM

(FinalCall.com) - Human rights activists are calling on the government 
to grant amnesty and unconditional freedom to all political prisoners 
incarcerated because of COINTELPRO <http://www.noi.org/cointelpro/>, a 
secret federal law enforcement program that destroyed Black and 
dissident organizations in the 1960s and 1970s.

Men and women who sacrificed their lives so others could enjoy civil 
liberties and human rights in America are now aging and suffering 
failing health as they languish in prison, some for 40 years, and many 
in solitary confinement cells, unfit even for dogs, said their advocates.

It is imperative that those they fought for remember and fight for them, 
said the activists.

J. Edgar Hoover, former head of the FBI, began the covert, illegal 
CounterIntelligence Program <http://www.noi.org/cointelpro/> in 1956 to 
destroy militant organizations.

The National Jericho Movement, which advocates for political prisoners 
inside the United States, wants emergency congressional hearings on the 
impact and continuing legacy of America's domestic war against soldiers 
in the Black Liberation Struggle. It also wants political prisoners 
released and some activists want the freedom fighters compensated for 
their unjust suffering.

"The effort to try to expose the horrible impact of the FBI's 
CounterIntelligence Program has been an ongoing thing," said Jihad 
Abdulmumit, chair of the National Jericho Movement. That exposure 
undergirds Jericho's push for the congressional hearings. Although Mr. 
Hoover announced in 1971 that COINTELPRO 
<http://www.noi.org/cointelpro/> had ended after the anonymous Citizens' 
Commission to Investigate the FBI exposed the program, secret government 
operations, set-ups, stool pigeon operations and political 
assassinations continue today, activists warned.

"COINTELPRO by any other name is still COINTELPRO. ... Homeland Security 
as an institution of the United States security now, the Patriot Act, 
the Anti-Terrorism Effective Death Penalty Act I and II---all of this 
now has really led up to still what we have today as a 
CounterIntelligence Program and the War on Terrorism," Mr. Abdulmumit 
told The Final Call.

The online petition, "Jericho: Congressional Hearing on Cointelpro's 
Legacy and Continuing Impact," is part of Jericho's attempts to educate 
people and have the U.S. government revisit COINTELPRO's continuing legacy.

In the future, the group plans to deliver the petitions to Congressional 
Black Caucus members and the record of a 2011 Peoples' Tribunal Hearings 
on COINTELPRO. Organizers hope the campaign will inspire Black Caucus 
members to speak up for political prisoners. They also hope to send 
100,000 signatures to the Obama administration before he leaves office.

*The Time and What Must Be Done*

In the 1960s and 1970s era of COINTELPRO, and actually going back to the 
1930s, Black leaders, activists and the community knew they were under 
attack and fought back, often through self-help and independent 
education campaigns, according to Mr. Abdulmumit.

The Honorable Elijah Muhammad introduced a Black Self-Help Program and 
Economic Blueprint to promote independence through pooling resources and 
building businesses. He opened schools to educate Muslims and children 
in the Black community. The Black Panthers started a free breakfast 
program for children and armed self-defense programs in response to 
deadly police brutality.

Today in the "age of Obama," the lines are blurred, Mr. Abdulmumit 
noted. The painful question Blacks must raise is how did they, after 
making so much progress in conscious and collective action, let that 
culture slip right from their hands? he noted.

Black leaders have become beguiled by materialism, the former slave 
master's system and they've taken their eyes off the future, said Mr. 

A plan by Senators Richard "Dick" Durbin (D-Ill.) and Mark Kirk (R-Ill.) 
sought $30 million to arrest and imprison 18,000 so-called members of 
the Gangster Disciples street organization and were opposed notably by 
Nation of Islam Minister Louis Farrakhan, Rep. Bobby Rush (D-Ill.) and 
Father Michael Pfleger, pastor of St. Sabina Catholic Church on 
Chicago's Southside.

"That you would marshal the forces of the federal government, and come 
into our community and sweep 18,000 so-called members of the Gangster 
Disciples---and you've already carved out a prison that you could put 
them in?  How many of you have ever sat down to think of how you can 
solve the problem by creating jobs and employment for the young people 
in the inner-cities of America, particularly Chicago and Los Angeles?" 
Minister Farrakhan asked.

The proposal out of Chicago absolutely speaks to the evolution of 
COINTELPRO, Mr. Abdulmumit argued. There is no revolutionary culture as 
such in the U.S. as was in the 60s and the 70s, but there is still a 
massive powder keg and that's Black youth today, he said. "The effort of 
the government and the forces that be has always been to make sure that 
this powder keg mass, its consciousness is never awakened, so what's 
happened is that vacuum that's been created is the demise of a lot of 
these revolutionary organizations either through death or imprisonment 
over time."

*We want freedom*

Some political prisoners targeted by COINTELPRO are more well-known than 
others, partly because of efforts like the FBI's million-dollar bounty 
against Assata Shakur, who is exiled in Cuba. Ms. Shakur, a Black 
Liberation Army member, has been living in exile since 1984 after she 
escaped from prison in 1979. Ms. Shakur, formerly known as Joanne 
Chesimard was convicted of murdering a New Jersey State Trooper in 1977, 
but she has maintained her innocence. Her supporters have denounced the 
FBI's $2 million bounty and listing her as an armed and dangerous terrorist.

The late Geronimo "ji-Jaga" Pratt, a Vietnam War veteran and 
high-ranking leader of the Black Panther Party, served 27 years in 
prison and after a long-fought legal battle forced his release in 1997. 
His wrongful conviction for murdering a White couple was shown to be a 
set-up tied to a government informant.

There's Jalil Muntaqim, co-founder of the Jericho Amnesty Movement, a 
former Black Panther Party and Black Liberation Army member. He was 
convicted of killing two police officers in New York and has spent 42 
years in prison. Supporters are pushing an online petition to Tina 
Stanford, chairwoman of the New York Board of Parole, seeking his parole 
this year.

There's Imam Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin whom supporters argue was wrongfully 
convicted in the 2000 shooting of two Fulton County deputies, one died, 
in Atlanta. He is serving life in a federal Super-Max underground prison 
in Colorado.

The incarceration of Imam Al-Amin, former Black Panther leader H. Rap 
Brown, represents COINTELPRO finally "getting their man" in a ridiculous 
case where someone confessed to the crime, but the FBI will not 
acknowledge the confession, Mr. Abdulmumit said.

Nearly six months after his 70th birthday, Russell Maroon Shoatz was 
recently released from solitary confinement under court order and after 
the involvement of United Nations Rapporteur Juan Mendez on Torture and 
Other Cruel, Inhuman, and Degrading Treatment and Punishment.  His 
release ended more than 22 consecutive years in isolation. The former 
Black Panther Party and Black Liberation Army member was convicted of 
murdering a cop in Pennsylvania and sentenced to life imprisonment.

On December 7, 2011, prosecutors announced they were dropping their 
quest for the death penalty for Mumia Abu-Jamal, a journalist and former 
Black Panther, convicted in 1981 on charges of killing a police officer 
in Philadelphia.

Mr. Abu-Jamal was removed from death row after his case was taken to the 
Supreme Court on appeal. He's now jailed for life without the 
possibility of parole, but his supporters remain vigilant in their fight 
for his release and exoneration.

Marshall Eddie Conway, another former Black Panther Party member, was 
recently released due to a faulty jury instruction after serving 44 
years in prison in solitary confinement. "An error in the jury 
instructions is a far step away from saying that Eddie Conway is a 
freedom fighter, which he is in our book, and he should be released on 
that alone," Mr. Abdulmumit said.

"Our position is that we should be released on the fact of we were 
political prisoners and victims of this counterintelligence, victims of 
these conditions. We are freedom fighters ... just like Nelson Mandela. 
Just like people are celebrating him as a hero now, that's how our 
political prisoners should be treated."

Many feel that's naïve or unachievable but it's Jericho's position and 
battle, and God knows best, he continued.

Activists say getting fighters who are dying in prison out remains 
paramount, especially cases based on contradictions and injustices 
thanks to lawyers like Bob Boyle, Soffiyah Elijah, Lynne Stewart and 

Herman Wallace, diagnosed with terminal liver cancer, died at age 71, 
less than a week after being released from prison. He was one of the 
Angola 3 convicted of stabbing a prison guard.  He served more than four 
tortuous decades in solitary confinement in a Louisiana prison, but 
maintained his innocence until his death. Mr. Wallace and Albert Woodfox 
said they were targeted for helping to set up a prison chapter of the 
Black Panther Party at Angola State Prison in 1971. International 
supporters of the Angola 3 are still fighting for Mr. Woodfox's release.

Activist Efia Nwangaza, director of the Malcolm X Center for 
Self-Determination in Greenville, S.C., feels America must not only 
remedy wrongs against political prisoners, but also compensate victims 
and survivors of government plots and targeting.

Jericho's list includes hundreds and many are Muslims, according to Mr. 
Abdulmumit. It also includes Native American freedom fighter Leonard 
Peltier,  Oscar Lopez Rivera and other Puerto Rican nationalists, as 
well as some White anti-imperialists, he said.

"It's important that we keep that challenge before the U.S. government 
kind of the way that the Jewish community keeps before the public the 
wrongs that it suffered at the hands of the Germans and its holocaust. 
We must be as vigilant in reminding our oppressors of the wrongs of our 
holocaust or Maafa as we call it."

Unfortunately, the often apathetic response to U.S. political prisoners, 
the notion they must have done something wrong if they're behind bars, 
is symptomatic of the pathology living under White Supremacy engenders, 
Ms. Nwangaza said.

But what's worse, she continued, is most Blacks aren't aware of 
COINTELPRO or the existence of political prisoners. Many are blinded by 
a harsh, daily economic, social and political struggle to survive, 
others embrace willful ignorance, she noted.

"It's sort of like the question of reparations. As we get generations 
away from the actual violation of the holocaust of enslavement, the less 
we know about it and therefore the less we are outraged by it and the 
less we feel entitled to compensation for it," Ms. Nwangaza continued.

Most aging political prisoners are enduring excessive sentences, 
disproportionately held in solitary confinement, suffering from severe 
illnesses and prisons are not responding to their needs, activists added.

There must also be an investigation into deaths that occurred during the 
COINTELPRO-civil rights-Black Power era, activists said.

"Who killed Bobby Hutton? And whatever was done about that?" asked Ms. 
Nwangaza. Bobby Hutton was a teenage member of Panther Party killed in 
California. Likewise the 1969 killings of Chicago Black Panthers Fred 
Hampton and Mark Clark and the relationship to the larger national 
campaign of the U.S. government must never be forgotten, she said. The 
dynamic leader Hampton and comrade Clark died in a hail of bullets fired 
into their West Side apartment. The Panthers were asleep, drugged by a 
sedative put in their drinks by an informant, activists have long 
charged. "While authorities claimed the Panthers had opened fire on the 
police who were there to serve a search warrant for weapons, evidence 
later emerged that told a very different story: that the FBI, the Cook 
County state's attorney's office and the Chicago police conspired to 
assassinate Fred Hampton," said Juan Gonzalez in a broadcast of the news 
program Democracy Now in 2009. The program marked the 40th anniversary 
of Black Panther Fred Hampton's death.

Freedom Archives 522 Valencia Street San Francisco, CA 94110 415 
863.9977 www.freedomarchives.org
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