[Ppnews] American Justice Is Not Blind, But It Is Truly Sick
Political Prisoner News
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Thu Aug 20 15:21:12 EDT 2009
Dave Lindorff: American Justice Is Not Blind, But It Is Truly Sick
Submitted by BuzzFlash on Thu, 08/20/2009 - 1:42pm
Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia and Federal District Court Judge
Fernando Gaitan of the Missouri Western District Court have at least
two things in common: they are both appointees of President Ronald
Reagan, and they both think it's just fine for the U.S. to execute
innocent people. The same can be said for Judge C. Arlen Beam of the
8th Circuit Court of Appeals.
In a recent dissent in a 5-4 Supreme Court ruling ordering a habeas
hearing in federal court for South Carolina death row inmate Troy
Anthony Davis, a man slated to die after being convicted for the
murder of an off-duty Savannah police officer, Scalia wrote, "This
court has never held that the constitution forbids the execution of a
convicted defendant who has had a full and fair trial but is later
able to convince a habeas court that he is 'actually' innocent."
For his part, Judge Gaitan, in Missouri, had two shots at considering
the case of Joseph Amrine, a death-row inmate slated to die for the
killing of a fellow prisoner in a Missouri state prison. Amrine (see
Man Walking Home" in Salon, May 1, 2003) had been convicted of the
knife slaying on the basis of the testimony of three alleged
eyewitnesses -- all of them fellow prisoners. When two of those
witnesses later recanted (suggesting that it was the third witness
who had actually been the killer), Judge Gaitan rejected the habeas
appeal, arguing that the two recantations couldn't be believed,
because the third witness had not changed his testimony. Later, when
the third witness also recanted, Amrine's attorney brought the case
back to Judge Gaitan, but this time, the Judge again rejected the
appeal, claiming that none of the witnesses was credible "because
they are all criminals." (Which of course begs the question of why
Amrine should have been convicted in the first place based upon the
testimony of the same three witnesses.).
Amrine didn't get any help from the 8th Circuit Court of Appeals,
which is also apparently packed with Scalia-like vampires. A
three-judge panel on that court, which included Reagan-appointee
Judge Beam, as well as Clinton appointee Diane E. Murphy and George
H.W. Bush appointee Judge Morris Sheppard Arnold, unanimously upheld
Judge Gaitan declaring that even if the three recantations might
suggest Amrine was innocent, he could not get a new hearing or trial
because his attorneys should have been able to discover the evidence
earlier through "due diligence." The judges, in rejecting Amrine's
appeal, wrote that, "even though convinced that had it been sitting
as the trier of fact, it would have weighed the evidence
differently," an appellate court had to defer to the determination
regarding credibility of recanting witnesses made by a lower court judge.
That is, procedural issues and rules trump facts, even in a death penalty case.
Happily for Troy Davis, a frighteningly narrow majority on the U.S.
Supreme Court disagreed with Justice Scalia's view of the
Constitution. Happily for Amrine, who is now a free man, the Missouri
State Supreme Court disagreed with both Judge Gaitan and the 8th
Circuit Court of Appeals panel, concluding that "a showing of actual
innocence acts as a 'gateway' that entitles the prisoner to review on
the merits of the prisoner's otherwise defaulted constitutional claim."
Justice Scalia's pinched view of the Constitution is that if it ain't
written down in the document, it doesn't exist. So even though there
is a clear outlawing in the Constitution against "cruel and unusual"
punishment, he purports to be unable to see how that could be
construed to include being executed for a crime you did not commit.
It should sicken every American that our judicial system could
condone execution of people that even the judges themselves concede
are likely or even certainly innocent, because of procedural rules
and politically imposed deadlines and appeals limitations, such as
those imposed by former President Bill Clinton's Anti-Terrorism and
Effective Death Penalty Act, passed in 1995 in the hysteria following
the Oklahoma City bombing of the Murrah Federal Office Building.
I once had the grisly experience, back in 1995, of watching several
doomed men being carted off by armed police in the back of a flat-bed
truck for a date with a bullet to the back of the head on the
execution in Xian China. I remember thinking at the time what a
monstrous and uncivilized act this was. The trials in China are in
name only, with the verdict pre-ordained, and any appeals, if they
Yet how different are things here in the U.S.? There is the same
bloodthirsty slathering for public execution by the ghouls on the
right, the same quiescence among the broader population. There is,
perhaps one difference, and that is the political pandering to the
death-obsessed by politicians who should know better. Those
Reagan-appointed judges -- Scalia, Gaitan, and Beam -- and the many
like them on federal and state benches across the country, were
appointed precisely because they wanted to grease the skids to the
execution chamber, and President Reagan, like Nixon before him and
the Bushes after him, made advocacy of state-sanctioned execution a
lynch-pin of their campaign efforts. But President Clinton was no
different. He cut short his campaign for president so he could rush
home to Arkansas to sign the execution warrant for a mentally
impaired man, and later, pushed through the EDP Act to make appeals
of death-row inmates much more difficult.
President Obama is not much better. While he has not yet signed on to
any efforts to make executions easier, neither has he acted, as
president, to correct the current abysmal situation, which has seen
many people spend years or even decades on death rows, often coming
within days or hours or even minutes of execution before finally
being found innocent, and which has surely led to many executions of
innocent people over the years. Disturbingly, Obama has use the
argument of "public vengeance" to justify the death penalty, writing
in his memoir, that while he believes the death penalty "does little
to deter crime," he nonetheless supports it for crimes "so heinous,
so beyond the pale, that the community is justified in expressing the
full measure of its outrage by meting out the ultimate punishment."
Surely Obama is smart enough to recognize that when a community is so
enraged, that is precisely when the fairness of a trial becomes
hardest to assure, and thus, when the chance of a wrongful conviction
becomes the most likely. And yet he finds it safer to politically
pander to those base instincts for vengeance.
At times like these, I am sorry I'm an atheist. It would be nice to
think that there would be some special grim level of hell in store
for the likes of Justice Scalia, Judge Gaitan, and Judges Beam,
Arnold, and Murphy -- perhaps a row of cells from which they would be
marched every few days to be strapped onto gurneys and administered
an intravenous death potion, or into electric chairs through which a
surge of high voltage would be sent, only to return to their cells
for another round of waiting. Also for the likes of Nixon, Reagan,
Clinton, the Bushes, and, yes, Obama, who would be case before
howling mobs of the wrongly executed, who would call for their
execution, after which they could be marched off to the same fate
over and over.
Unfortunately, there is no such divine justice. Only the hope that
one day, a more civilized and compassionate public will demand better
of itself, its political leaders, and its judges.
There is no greater crime than the killing by the state of an
innocent person, and yet, in America, such atrocities are not just
happening, they are condoned by judges in the highest court of the land.
DAVE LINDORFF is a Philadelphia-based journalist. He is author of
"Killing Time: An Investigation into the Death Penalty Case of Mumia
Abu-Jamal," (Common Courage Press, 2003) and more recently of "The
Case for Impeachment" (St. Martin's Press, 2006). His work is
available at www.thiscantbehappening.net.
522 Valencia Street
San Francisco, CA 94110
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