[Ppnews] Nebraska Supreme Court hears voice of policeman's killer - Omaha 2
Political Prisoner News
ppnews at freedomarchives.org
Sat Oct 4 12:15:46 EDT 2008
Original Content at
October 3, 2008
Nebraska Supreme Court hears voice of policeman's killer that J. Edgar
Hoover kept from jury in COINTELPRO case
By Michael Richardson
A hush filled the packed chambers of the Nebraska Supreme Court as attorney
Robert Bartle played a chilling 50-second tape recording of the emergency
call that lured Omaha police officer Larry Minard to his 1970
ambush-bombing death. A man's deep gritty voice could be heard making a
report about a woman screaming at a vacant house.
The Omaha World-Herald described the killer's voice as "deep and drawling."
Attorney Bartle told the justices, "That isn't the voice of a 15-year old.
That is not the voice of Duane Peak."
Duane Peak was a teenager who confessed to planting the bomb and making the
deadly phone call. Peak also implicated Black Panther leaders Ed
Poindexter and Mondo we Langa (formerly David Rice) in exchange for his own
lenient treatment and became the state's murderous star witness against the
two Panthers. However, if Peak did not make the call as he claimed, the
case against Poindexter and Langa unravels leaving an unidentified killer
on the loose.
The scratchy tape, never heard by the jury that convicted the Panther
leaders, has a long, troubling history and was kept under wraps by order of
J. Edgar Hoover, then-director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Hoover had declared a secret war against the Black Panther Party and other
domestic political groups code-named Operation COINTELPRO. The "no holds
barred" tactics of COINTELPRO directed at the Panthers had a lethal
ferocity with false arrests and convictions as one of the techniques.
Hoover's agents had already targeted Poindexter and Langa when the August
bombing claimed Minard's life.
The FBI arrived at the crime scene soon after the blast and helped direct
the investigation. The Omaha Special-Agent-in-Charge worked directly with
Asst. Chief of Police Glen W. Gates who led the murder investigation.
While uniformed officers began a massive sweep of Omaha's Near-Northside
neighborhood arresting dozens of people and technicians sifted through
blast debris looking for clues, Gates met with the FBI and agreed to send
the tape recording of the killer's voice to the FBI crime laboratory in
Washington, D.C. to identify the caller.
The Omaha World-Herald headline told the public "Voiceprint in Bombing to
FBI Lab". A police spokesman told the paper the tape would be a "good
investigative tool". But the tape was sent to the FBI lab with unusual
instructions to not issue a formal report and instead orally inform the
Omaha FBI office of the results of analysis. The COINTELPRO hidden agenda
was not to catch the actual killers of Minard but instead make a case
against Poindexter and Langa.
When Ivan Willard Conrad, director of the crime lab, got the memo
requesting a secret report on the tape he spoke with Hoover by phone two
days after the bombing. Before Minard's body was buried, Hoover gave the
command to withhold an official report thus limiting the search for the
policeman's killer. Conrad scrawled on his copy of the COINTELPRO memo,
"Dir advised telephonically & said OK to do" followed by his initials and
Conrad followed Hoover's orders and issued no formal findings on the
identity of the unknown caller. However, the Omaha Special-Agent-in-Charge
sent another COINTELPRO memo to Hoover two months later in October.
"Assistant COP GLENN GATES, Omaha PD, advised that he feels any use of this
call might be prejudicial to the police murder trial against two
accomplices of PEAK and, therefore, has advised that he wishes no use of
this tape until after the murder trials of PEAK and the two accomplices
have been completed."
The hearing was in the austere chambers of the state high court located in
the Nebraska Capitol and was filled with supporters of Poindexter and
Langa, many wearing T-shirts indentifying the 'Omaha Two' as political
prisoners. Questions from the bench focused on the custody of the tape and
who was to blame for withholding the recording from the jury.
Assistant Attorney General James Smith argued everyone knew there was a
tape and failure of the defense attorneys to introduce the tape at trial
was a tactical decision by lawyers for the two Panthers. Bartle's argument
is that the prosecution should have provided the tape to defense attorneys
as a part of discovery. Regardless of who was at fault for the jury not
getting to hear the killer's voice Bartle said, "The whole point to
Poindexter is that he was still deprived of the use of the tape."
Smith countered that Frank Morrison, a former-Nebraska governor and
Poindexter's court-appointed lawyer, made a tactical decision and
Poindexter had to live with it. However, not long before his death
Morrison gave a deposition in 2003 about his role in the case and he
admitted making mistakes that led to an unfair trial. Morrison's strongest
statement about the matter came earlier in 1997 in the form of a public
"As a citizen and former prosecutor, and Governor of this state, I abhor,
detest and condemn the cowardly, cruel, and unjustified murder of officer
Minard. My heart aches for his family. The guilty parties should pay the
penalty. The self-confessed murderer was turned loose after a slap on the
"I now believe and always have believed that the true role of law
enforcement is truth. Real justice can only be built on truth. I hope the
Congress and other policy makers will reestablish this policy. I feel both
I and the system failed Ed Poindexter."
In 2006, the tape was subjected to modern voice analysis and vocal expert
Tom Owen determined that Peak did not make the emergency call. In 2007,
Owen gave testimony in Douglas County District Court that included a
detailed phrase-by-phrase courtroom analysis of the fatal call.
No date for a decision by the Nebraska Supreme Court has been set.
Poindexter and Langa remain imprisoned at the maximum-security Nebraska
State Penitentiary. Duane Peak, the confessed bomber, was freed after 33
months of juvenile detention and lives in the state of Washington a free
man. The unknown caller whose deep voice opened the court hearing has
never been identified and has not been brought to justice. Larry Minard,
the father of five young children, was buried on what would have been his
Permission granted to reprint
Authors Bio: Michael Richardson is a freelance writer based in Boston.
Richardson writes about politics, law, nutrition, ethics, and music.
Richardson is also a political consultant.
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