<html>
  <head>

    <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
  </head>
  <body bgcolor="#FFFFFF" text="#000000">
    <div id="container" class="container font-size5">
      <div dir="ltr" style="display: block;" id="reader-header"
        class="header"> <font size="-2"><a
href="http://www.desmogblog.com/2016/09/13/g4s-dakota-access-pipeline-human-rights-bp"
            id="reader-domain" class="domain">http://www.desmogblog.com/2016/09/13/g4s-dakota-access-pipeline-human-rights-bp</a></font>
        <h1 id="reader-title">Security Firm Guarding Dakota Access
          Pipeline Also Used Psychological Warfare Tactics for BP</h1>
      </div>
      <div class="content">
        <div style="display: block;" dir="ltr" id="moz-reader-content">
          <div
xml:base="http://www.desmogblog.com/2016/09/13/g4s-dakota-access-pipeline-human-rights-bp"
            id="readability-page-1" class="page">
            <div class="field-item even">
              <p><span class="caps"><a
                    href="http://www.desmogblog.com/user/7018">Steve
                    Horn</a> • Tuesday, September 13, 2016<br>
                </span></p>
              <p><span class="caps">G4S</span>, a company <a
href="http://www.telesurtv.net/english/news/G4S-Admits-it-Guards-Dakota-Pipeline-as-Protesters-Get-Attacked-20160906-0036.html"
                  target="_blank">hiring security staff</a> to guard the
                hotly contested Dakota Access pipeline (<span
                  class="caps">DAPL</span>), also works to guard oil and
                gas industry <a
href="http://www.thisismoney.co.uk/money/article-1208774/G4S-benefits-guarding-Iraqs-war-ravaged-oil-fields.html"
                  target="_blank">assets in war-torn Iraq</a>, and has
                come under fire by the United Nations for human rights
                abuses allegedly committed while overseeing a <span
                  class="caps">BP</span> pipeline in Colombia and
                elsewhere while on other assignments.</p>
              <p>Recently, the <span class="caps">UK</span>-based <span
                  class="caps">G4S</span> placed job advertisements on
                its website, announcing it would be hiring security
                teams to work out of offices in <a
href="https://shrinktheweb.snapito.io/v2/webshot/spu-ea68c8-ogi2-3cwn3bmfojjlb56e?size=800x0&screen=1024x768&url=http%3A%2F%2Fcareers.g4s.com%2Fjobs%2FArmed-Custom-Protection-Security-Officer-Mandan-ND_71463%2F"
                  target="_blank">Mandan</a> and <a
href="https://shrinktheweb.snapito.io/v2/webshot/spu-ea68c8-ogi2-3cwn3bmfojjlb56e?size=800x0&screen=1024x768&url=http%3A%2F%2Fcareers.g4s.com%2Fjobs%2FArmed-Custom-Protection-Security-Officer-Bismarck-ND_73365%2F"
                  target="_blank">Bismarck, North Dakota</a>. These two
                locales are only a 45-minute drive away from the ongoing
                <a href="http://sacredstonecamp.org/" target="_blank">Standing
                  Rock Sioux Tribe-led encampment</a> unfolding along <span
                  class="caps">DAPL</span>'s route in Cannon Ball, North
                Dakota. First among the list of required experience for
                both locations is service related to military police,
                elite military forces, or “any support role in a
                combat zone.” </p>
              <p>Monica Lewman-Garcia, Director of Communications for <span
                  class="caps">G4S</span> Secure Solutions in North
                America, told DeSmog, “<span class="caps">G4S</span>
                Secure Solutions is providing fewer than 10 security
                officers, assigned to remote sites and providing limited
                short-term unarmed patrol services.”</p>
              <p>Lewman-Garcia also stated that <span class="caps">G4S</span>
                was not on the scenes at the now-infamous Labor Day
                weekend incident in which private security forces used
                pepper spray against and allowed their <a
href="http://www.democracynow.org/2016/9/6/full_exclusive_report_dakota_access_pipeline"
                  target="_blank">dogs to bite Dakota Access pipeline
                  protesters</a>, adding that the company had not
                deployed its K9 units and that those involved worked for
                a different company. <span class="caps">G4S</span> also
                said it could not comment on whether it was hired to be
                in North Dakota by Dakota Access <span class="caps">LLC</span>,
                by another company altogether, or by one of the local
                police departments. </p>
              <h3>“Chaos Company”</h3>
              <p>Dubbed the “<a
href="http://www.vanityfair.com/news/business/2014/04/g4s-global-security-company"
                  target="_blank">Chaos Company</a>” in an April 2014 <em>Vanity
                  Fair</em> article, <span class="caps">G4S</span> is
                often brought into the stickiest situations, such as <a
href="http://www.g4s.com/en/Media%20Centre/News/2015/09/11/G4S%20wins%20contracts%20in%20Iraq%20and%20Afghanistan/"
                  target="_blank">overseeing security for</a> the <a
                  href="http://www.basrahgas.com/an-iraqi-company"
                  target="_blank">Basrah Gas Company</a>, an Iraqi
                natural gas company which Shell, Mitsubishi, and South
                Oil Company jointly own.</p>
              <p><span class="caps">G4S</span> touts its expertise in
                doing high-risk security work for the oil and gas
                industry in a <a
href="http://www.g4s.com/%7E/media/files/4pg%20pdf%20case%20studies/g4s_case_oilandgaslow_170111.pdf"
                  target="_blank">company pamphlet</a>:</p>
              <blockquote>
                <p>“In Nigeria, for example, its services include the
                  provision and manning of emergency vessels operating
                  in the Niger Delta for Chevron. It also has a
                  considerable presence in Iraq where it is well placed
                  to assist in the protection of the war-torn nation’s
                  oil production which could make that country the third
                  largest oil exporter within a few years.”</p>
              </blockquote>
              <p>An article published by <em>The Telegraph</em> (<span
                  class="caps">UK</span>) <a
href="http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/supportservices/11858387/G4S-eyes-global-market-as-it-wins-Middle-East-security-deals.html"
                  target="_blank">detailed</a> that <span class="caps">G4S</span>
                had been hired to bring 500 personnel and 220 armored
                vehicles to protect Basrah Gas Company properties in
                Iraq. Those properties include two gas plants, a
                liquefied petroleum gas storage facility, a shipping
                terminal, and — paralleling the Dakota Access
                situation — the pipelines between them. </p>
              <p><span class="caps">G4S</span> also has <a
href="https://www.opendemocracy.net/ourkingdom/clare-sambrook/nice-work-g4s-wins-118-million-guant%C3%A1namo-contract"
                  target="_blank">security contracts</a> with the <span
                  class="caps">U.S.</span> Department of Defense at both
                Guantanamo Bay Detention Center and the controversial <span
                  class="caps">U.S.</span> military base in Diego
                Garcia. The British human rights group Reprieve <a
href="http://www.reprieve.org.uk/press/police-asked-to-investigate-g4s-over-guantanamo-role/"
                  target="_blank">called for an investigation</a> of <span
                  class="caps">G4S</span> as it pertains to human rights
                abuses which took place at Guantanamo.</p>
              <h3>Oil and Gas Roots</h3>
              <p>In 2008, <span class="caps">G4S</span> <a
href="http://www.g4s.com/en/media%20centre/news/2008/05/07/g4s%20completes%20acquisition%20of%20armorgroup%20international%20plc/"
                  target="_blank">acquired</a> the company ArmorGroup
                International <span class="caps">PLC</span> as a
                wholly-owned subsidiary. This company has been on the
                public radar in recent years for being mired in a <a
                  href="http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/KJ06Df03.html"
                  target="_blank">human trafficking scandal</a> in
                Afghanistan while guarding the <span class="caps">U.S.</span>
                Embassy in Kabul on a <span class="caps">U.S.</span>
                State Department contract. The <span class="caps">U.S.</span>
                Department of Justice had sued ArmorGroup for allegedly
                violating the Trafficking Victims Protection Act, <a
href="https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/armor-group-north-america-and-its-affiliates-pay-75-million-resolve-false-claims-act"
                  target="_blank">settling the lawsuit in 2011</a> for
                $7.5 million.</p>
              <p>Less well-known is that ArmorGroup has roots connecting
                it to other human rights abuses and controversial
                tactics on behalf of multinational oil and gas companies
                through its precursor, Defense Systems Limited (<span
                  class="caps">DSL</span>), a firm founded in 1981,
                according to a company <a
href="http://www.desmogblog.com/sites/beta.desmogblog.com/files/Factsheet.pdf"
                  target="_blank">fact sheet</a> no longer online
                acquired by DeSmog. ArmorGroup purchased <span
                  class="caps">DSL</span> as a wholly-owned subsidiary
                in 1997.</p>
              <p>“The company defended gold and diamond mines in Africa
                from thieves, and oil pipelines in Latin America from
                guerrillas,” <a
                  href="http://www.corpwatch.org/article.php?id=12002"
                  target="_blank">wrote <em>The Financial Times</em></a>
                in a 2005 article. “It guarded <span class="caps">U.S.</span>
                and British embassies in the Middle East and elsewhere.
                Often, <span class="caps">DSL</span> would use former
                British special forces troops to train foreign forces in
                counterterrorist tactics.”</p>
              <h3><span class="caps">BP</span> Pipeline Human
                Rights Abuses</h3>
              <p>In the late-1990's, <span class="caps">DSL</span>
                found itself in a human rights-related quagmire,
                revealed first in the 1997 documentary, <em><a
                    href="http://mg.co.za/article/1997-07-04-bps-secret-soldiers/"
                    target="_blank"><span class="caps">BP</span>'s
                    Secret Soldiers</a></em>, and then in a 1998 <a
                  href="http://www.theguardian.com/world/1998/oct/17/1"
                  target="_blank">investigation</a> published by <em>The
                  Guardian</em> (<span class="caps">UK</span>) and <em>El
                  Espectador</em> of Colombia.</p>
              <p>The joint inquiry by the newspapers demonstrated that
                oil giant <span class="caps">BP</span> “bought and
                supplied military equipment to a Colombian army brigade”
                to police its <a
                  href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocensa_pipeline"
                  target="_blank">Ocensa Pipeline</a>, a 500-mile-long
                tube which at that time exported oil to the United
                States. That brigade had “been implicated in two
                massacres by rightwing death squads under its control
                during the civil war” in Colombia and was said to deploy
                psychological warfare (<span class="caps">PSYOP</span>s)
                and counterinsurgency techniques in the attempt to win
                over general public support for constructing the project
                and to marginalize “subversives.” </p>
              <p><span class="caps">DSL</span>'s tactics received
                criticism from the human rights advocacy group <a
href="http://web.archive.org/web/20031118134126/http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAMR230441997?open&of=ENG-390"
                  target="_blank">Amnesty International</a>.
                Furthermore, a United Nations Special Rapporteur on the
                question of the use of mercenaries also expressed
                concern about <span class="caps">DSL</span> in a <a
href="http://repository.un.org/bitstream/handle/11176/226839/A_54_326-EN.pdf?sequence=3&isAllowed=y"
                  target="_blank">letter published in October 1998</a> for
                the company's alleged use of intimidation and
                torture in Colombia. </p>
              <h3>“Spies for Hire” Under Investigation</h3>
              <p><span class="caps">G4S</span> is not the only private
                contractor identified on the ground in or around the
                Sacred Stone Camp related to the Dakota Access
                pipeline protests.</p>
              <p>The show “Democracy Now!” revealed that a man who is
                employed by the firm Torchlight <span class="caps">USA</span>,
                <span class="caps">LLC</span>, but is appearing as a
                freelancer, also <a
href="http://www.democracynow.org/2016/9/8/headlines/did_dakota_access_hire_guard_from_a_paramilitary_security_co_for_saturday_s_standoff"
                  target="_blank">showed up i</a>n North Dakota. And
                court documents from the ongoing case in the <span
                  class="caps">U.S.</span> District Court for the
                District of Columbia pitting the Standing Rock Sioux
                Tribe against the <span class="caps">U.S.</span> Army
                Corps of Engineers reveal that another firm, 10-Code <span
                  class="caps">LLC</span> — founded and run by a former
                Bismarck Police Department detective named <a
href="http://www.desmogblog.com/sites/beta.desmogblog.com/files/Paul%20Olson%20_%20LinkedIn_0.pdf"
                  target="_blank">Paul Olson</a> — also <a
href="http://www.desmogblog.com/sites/beta.desmogblog.com/files/10-Code%20Declaration_0.pdf"
                  target="_blank">has entered the fold</a>.</p>
              <p>It's a phenomenon author and journalist <a
                  href="http://timshorrock.com/?page_id=17"
                  target="_blank">Tim Shorrock</a> calls “<a
href="https://www.amazon.com/Spies-Hire-Secret-Intelligence-Outsourcing/dp/0743282256"
                  target="_blank">Spies for Hire</a>” in his 2009 book
                by the same name, a tome dedicated to chronicling
                the outsourcing of <span class="caps">U.S.</span> intelligence.</p>
              <p>“<span class="caps">G4S</span> and other companies like
                it have one motive only: profit. Its work for
                governments and energy corporations — particularly at
                the pipeline this week — shows it has no respect for
                ordinary people or human rights,” Shorrock told DeSmog.
                “Whoever hires them should be investigated for
                malfeasance, because their shoddy record in security is
                a mile long.” </p>
              <p>In that vein, the North Dakota Private Investigation
                and Security Board announced that it has <a
href="http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/private-security-licensing-board-opens-investigation-into-use-of-dogs/article_d6f87664-e397-5b97-b549-23209a8f6209.html"
                  target="_blank">opened up an investigation</a> into the
                private security firms deployed to patrol the
                pipeline protests led by the Standing Rock Sioux and
                whether those firms were even licensed to work in the
                state. In addition, a local county sheriff's office has
                begun a similar investigation with the North Dakota
                Bureau of Criminal Investigations, exploring the Labor
                Day weekend clash between security firms and protesters
                at a <span class="caps">DAPL</span> site. </p>
              <p>The North Dakota Private Investigation and Security
                Board said it could not comment on which companies have
                fallen under the purview of its ongoing investigation.</p>
            </div>
          </div>
        </div>
      </div>
      <div> </div>
    </div>
    <div class="moz-signature">-- <br>
      Freedom Archives
      522 Valencia Street
      San Francisco, CA 94110
      415 863.9977
      <a class="moz-txt-link-abbreviated" href="http://www.freedomarchives.org">www.freedomarchives.org</a>
    </div>
  </body>
</html>