[News] Memorandum of Understanding Signed in Mexico Between Venezuelan Government and Part of the Opposition

Anti-Imperialist News news at freedomarchives.org
Mon Aug 16 15:16:49 EDT 2021

 [image: Jorge Rodriguez, head of the Venezuelan government delegation
shaking hands with Gerardo Blyde, head of the extreme right opposition
delegation while being watch by the head of the Norwegian mediation
delegation Dag Nylander. Photo courtesy of Twitter / @AissateleSUR .]
Memorandum of Understanding Signed in Mexico Between Venezuelan Government
and Part of the Opposition (Translation)
August 16, 2021

Caracas, August 15, 2021 (special for OrinocoTribune.com)—We want our
readers to see firsthand the transcript and Orinoco Tribune’s unofficial
translation of the memorandum signed last Friday, August 13, between the
Venezuelan government and the opposition labeled as the “Unitary Platform
of Venezuela”—a label considered by many analysts as a euphemism for
something that, in reality, is a very fragmented extreme wing of the
Venezuelan opposition. The so-called Unitary Platform rejected the
inclusion of the other faction of the opposition represented in the
Venezuelan National Assembly in the dialogue process, or even the inclusion
of the most fascist and pro US-invasion sectors, represented by Maria
Corina Machado among others.

An international affairs analyst consulted by Orinoco Tribune told us that
“many outside Venezuela believe that President Maduro sits at the
negotiation table in a position of weakness when, in reality, what is
happening is the opposite. Maduro’s administration sits at the negotiation
table after more than two years of defeating imperialist aggression, both
internally and externally, while the extreme-right opposition weakens every
day. The US and Europe have given the green light for the opposition to sit
at the negotiating table again. This is due to these resounding defeats at
all levels, and following multiple calls by President Maduro for talks.”

“*Chavismo* seeks to find a path for lifting sanctions and the blockade as
well as to recuperate assets like CITGO (in the US) or Monómeros (in
Colombia) along with financial resources and the gold illegally seized by
the Bank of England (BoE),” added the analyst. “The opposition is just
following the instructions of its masters while the small support they
still had locally is dwindling, because its base sees them as capitulating
by going to the negotiation table with Maduro’s administration.”

RELATED CONTENT: Chavismo and Two Opposition Sectors to Meet for Dialogue
in Mexico

The memorandum’s unofficial translation is below:

*Memorandum of understanding The parties designated for the purposes of
this process, such as the Government of the Bolivarian Republic of
Venezuela and the Unitary Platform of Venezuela,*

*• Under the protection of the Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of

*• Convinced of the need to put the welfare of the Venezuelan people at the
center of attention,*

*• Putting an emphasis on the superior values of the legal system of the
Venezuelan State and its actions, which are those of life, freedom,
justice, equality, solidarity, democracy, social responsibility and, in
general, the preeminence of human rights, ethics, and political pluralism,*

*• Committed to strengthening an inclusive democracy and a culture of
tolerance and political coexistence,*

*• Convinced of the importance of promoting a culture of respect for human
rights and of investigating and punishing their violation,*

*• Willing to agree on the necessary conditions for the electoral processes
enshrined in the Constitution to be carried out, with all the guarantees,*

*• Understanding the need for the sanctions against the Venezuelan State to
be lifted, establishing independence, freedom, sovereignty, immunity,
territorial integrity and national self-determination as inalienable rights
of the nation,*

*• Rejecting any form of political violence against Venezuela, its State,
and its institutions,*

*• Committed to the stabilization and defense of national, productive,
diversified and cooperative autonomy,*

*• Welcoming the humanitarian initiatives taken, particularly by the
National Vaccination Board and the World Food Program,*

*• Recognizing the need to build a vision of a joint future for all
Venezuelans, and*

*• Inviting members of the international community to join us in these

RELATED CONTENT: Mexico Talks Between Chavismo and Extreme Right Kick Off
Today in Chapultepec

*We have agreed to carry out a comprehensive and incremental dialogue and
negotiation process, based on an agenda, format, and guidelines agreed upon
by the Government of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and the Unitary
Platform of Venezuela, prior to the beginning of the conversations in
Mexico City, capital of the United Mexican States, whose agenda is as


*1. Political rights for all.*

*2. Electoral guarantees for all. Election schedule for observable

*3. Lifting of sanctions. Restoration of rights to assets.*

*4. Respect for the Constitutional Rule of Law.*

*5. Political and social coexistence. Renounce violence. Reparations to
victims of violence.*

*6. Protection of the national economy and social protection measures for
the Venezuelan people.*

*7. Guarantees of implementation, monitoring, and verification of what has
been agreed.*

*The following general terms have also been agreed to:*

*1. Objective of a comprehensive negotiation The objective is to reach an
agreement, through intense, comprehensive, incremental, and peaceful
negotiation, to establish clear rules of political and social coexistence
with absolute respect for the national Constitution.*

*2. Method The negotiation will take place under the principle that nothing
is agreed until everything is agreed. However, the parties may enter into
partial agreements if they consider that the issues on which they relate
have been sufficiently discussed and if their implementation is urgent,
necessary, or at least verifiable before the end of the negotiation. The
early partial agreements will be included in the final agreement and will
be irreversible from their issuance, without prejudice to the possibility
of adjusting them to the circumstances or improving them, taking into
account, among others, the principle of progressivity.*

*3. Representation Each party will designate its delegation of nine (9)
members, and will endeavor to include women in the delegations.*

*4. Participation Consultation mechanisms with other political and social
actors will be established.*

*5. International accompaniment Facilitator: Kingdom of Norway. Companions:
Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Russian Federation. Group of friends:
the Facilitator (Kingdom of Norway) will invite and announce the countries
that will form the Group of Friends of the Process.*

*6. Place Mexico City, United Mexican States.*

*Signed in Mexico City on August 13, 2021, by Jorge Jesús Rodríguez Gómez,
the Government of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela; Gerardo Blyde
Pérez, from the Unitary Platform of Venezuela; and Dag Nylander, the
Kingdom of Norway.*

*Featured image: Jorge Rodríguez, head of the Venezuelan government
delegation, shaking hands with Gerardo Blyde, head of the extreme-right
opposition delegation. The head of the Norwegian mediation delegation, Dag
Nylander, looks on. Photo courtesy of Twitter/@AissateleSUR.*

Special for Orinoco Tribune by Jesús Rodríguez-Espinoza

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