[News] Palestine - Facts on Al-Aqsa Uprising: Arrest, Collective Punishment and Extrajudicial Killing
news at freedomarchives.org
Wed Jul 26 11:50:43 EDT 2017
Facts on Al-Aqsa Uprising: Arrest, Collective Punishment and
July 26, 2017
On 14/7/2017, three Palestinians, Muhammad Jabarin (30 years old), Ahmad
Jabarin (20 years) and Muhammad Jabarin (19 years), from the village of
Umm al-Fahm in the occupied territories, carried out an attack that
resulted in the death of two Israeli policemen at the entrances to
Al-Aqsa Mosque. As a result, Israeli occupation forces imposed
collective punitive measures on all Palestinians by prohibiting them
from attending prayers at Al-Aqsa Mosque, unless they pass through the
electronic gates set up before the mosque which is an unacceptable
practice for all Palestinians. To protest such escalatory measures,
Palestinians have been praying outside Al Aqsa mosque, near the electric
gates. Furthermore, the IOF continued to impose closures on the Old City
of Jerusalem and around Al-Aqsa Mosque by installing barriers at their
entrances, and prevented citizens from entering the Old City. The policy
of collective punishment practiced by the Israeli occupation is a
violation of most basic and internationally recognized rights, including
the right to freedom of religion, the right to freedom of movement, the
right to privacy and self-determination.
*_Facts and Figures / Jerusalem:_*
160 Palestinian were arrested in Jerusalem since 14/7/2017 until
25/7/2017. this number includes about 30 children under the age of 18.
Most of the arrests were from the Old City, Lion’s Gate, Al-Tur and
Al-Issawiya areas. Since the outbreak of the clashes on 14 July 2017,
the Red Crescent has recorded about 400 cases of suffocation and
injuries by live ammunition or rubber-coated bullet.
*_The arrest of political leaders in Jerusalem:_*
On 20/7, Israeli occupation forces arrested 15 political and field
leaders in Jerusalem, including Hatem Abdel Qader, Adnan Ghaith, Nasser
Hadmi, Nasser Ajaj, Muhammad Abu Al-Hawa and others. They were later
released under the following conditions: To refrain from entering
Al-Aqsa mosque, not to engage speeches and demonstrations, not to
conduct media interviews, in addition to preventing them from
communicating with citizens who were arrested during clashes.
Additionally, the Jerusalemite activist and chairman of the committee of
prisoners’ families in Jerusalem, Amjad Abu Assab, was arrested and
subjected to four-hour interrogation at Moskobyeh interrogation center.
He was later released on similar terms. The occupation forces also
arrested the father of martyr Mohammed Abu Ghannam, from his house in
al-Tur neighborhood in Jerusalem on 24/7/2017and he was released on 25
July 2017. The IOF also arrested Ismaeel Abu Ghannam, the cousin of the
martyr, whose detention was extended until the 26 July 21017.
*_Arrests of children:_*
30 children were arrested in Jerusalem since July 14, 2017. On Sunday,
23/7/2017, occupation forces arrested two minors: Tamara Abu Laban (16
years old) from al-Tur village, Alaa Al-Ruwaydi, 16, from Silwan in
Jerusalem, whose detention have been extended and they have not yet been
released. The occupation claims that the arrest was made based on their
Facebook posts. A number of children were beaten and assaulted during
their arrests. By this, the occupation violates the second principle of
the Convention on the Rights of the Child, article 37 (b), which
stipulates that the best interests of the child shall be taken into
consideration, that he shall not be deprived of his liberty unlawfully
and arbitrarily and that detention shall be the last resort and for the
shortest possible period of time.
*_Assaults on journalists while performing their duties:_*
Israeli occupation forces assaulted journalists during their work. They
were beaten, prevented from carrying out their duties, they also had
their equipment confiscated. Among them are photographer Sinan Abu
Mezer, Reuters photographer, and Journalist Afif Amira, a photographer
for the Palestinian news agency Wafa, and the crew of Sky News. They
are: Shireen Younis, photographer Mohammed Abu Hadwan, and technical
Muammar Yassin. In addition to journalist Rami Khatib of the Palestine
*_The brutal attacks during the arrest and extrajudicial executions:_*
It was noticed that during the current escalations, Israeli occupation
forces deliberately used excessive force arbitrarily and randomly.
During an arrest campaign at Wad Al Jouz neighborhood, a group of
special unit forces and undercover soldiers attacked a number of young
men and arrested them after severely beating them. They were: Moataz
Sa'ida, Louay Jaber, Amir Ghaith, Ibrahim Abu Arafa, Suhaib Abu Sneineh
and Sa'ad Kayana. The IOF focused the beatings on the head area using
pistols, resulting in severe injuries to the young men.
According to eyewitnesses, Israeli occupation forces deliberately used
tear gas, sound bombs, rubber bullets, sprayed “skunk water,” and fired
live ammunition which resulted in killing Mohammed Mahmoud Sharaf, 17,
by an Israeli settler using his personal weapon.
12 martyrs were killed by the IOF since 14/7/2017, which indicates that
the occupation forces continue to practice field executions and
deliberately use lethal force against Palestinians violating
international laws and conventions.
*_From the halls of the Magistrate's Court in Jerusalem / Addameer
lawyer provided testimonies from detainees:_*
Addameer represented Ali Abu Saniyeh, a 19 years old from Silwan, who
was arrested on Friday in Salah al-Din Street in Jerusalem while
performing Friday prayers with thousands of other Palestinians,
including the elderly and children. After the prayer, the Israeli
occupation forces attacked the citizens. Ali ran to a building’s roof
where the press and ambulances were located to protect himself from the
tear gas and live bullets. Few minutes later, he started looking for his
father and brother who were praying as well, but he was startled by
three soldiers attacking him, he then tried to protect his head by
bending down and covering his head with his hands. Then one of the
soldiers stepped on his neck and face and continued to yell and insult
him. The lawyer stated that the beating marks on Ali’s body are visible.
About 20 detainees were present at the Magistrate Court to attend court
hearings, where most of the hearings resulted in detention extension
order for further interrogation. Addameer lawyer reported that all of
the detainees were subjected to beatings during detention. One of them
had broken legs and another one was severely injured. The lawyers added
that the detained were heavily bruised and the beating marks were
visible on their faces and most of their body parts.
Israeli occupation forces did not hesitate to cross all the red lines to
arrest unarmed Palestinian civilians even in hospital rooms, or to
abduct the bodies of extrajudicially killed Palestinians for the purpose
of withholding them.
Addameer’s field researcher documented the details of Al-Maqassed
Hospital raid, after the body of extra-judicially executed Mohammed
Hassan Abu Ghannam, 20 years old, was taken to the Hospital. Hundreds
of IOF forces stormed the hospital and fired sound and gas bombs at
civilians surrounding the hospital to disperse them and confiscate the
body. Israeli special unit forces stormed the emergency department and
assaulted the doctors. However, about 300 people prevented them from
reaching the body of Abu Ghannam. During this attack, many citizens were
injured in the vicinity of the hospital, in addition to the arrest of
three young men.
The policy of withholding bodies by the occupation authorities is a
collective punishment that target families of the martyrs and the
Palestinian society as a whole. This practice is a violation of
international humanitarian law as well as international human rights law
including violations of the right to dignity, freedom of religion, and
the right to practice culture. The withholding of the bodies also
greatly adds to the grief, anxiety, and trauma of the families who are
dealing with the loss of a loved one, and who are also being denied
their cultural and religious rights to mourn and to bury them in
accordance with their faith.
*_Facts and Figures in Numbers / West Bank:_*
111 cases of arrests from different areas in the West Bank were
documented between 14/7/2017 and 25/7/2017, most of which occurred
during pre-dawn raids. These arrests targeted different sectors of the
Palestinian society, including children, women, students and senior
citizens, as well as members of the Palestinian Legislative Council,
such as the arrest PLC member Omar Abdel Razek. During these raids,
Palestinians were subjected to physical violence, house searches,
destruction of properties, and hospitals raids, such as the raid of
Hebron Public Hospital.
*_The raid and siege of Kobar village west of Ramallah:_*
The residents of the village of Kobar have been living under siege and
subjected to daily harassment, after Halamish operation that resulted in
the killing of three Israeli settlers by Omar Al-Abed (20 years old),
who is a resident of the village. Israeli occupation forces have been
storming the village on a daily basis by dozens of vehicles, hundreds of
soldiers, police dogs and bulldozers. IOF arrested the brother of
Al-Abed and his mother, after raiding their home more than once. The
daily harassments included, raiding dozens of houses and closing the
main entrance to the village. Approximately 15 Palestinians were injured
by rubber-coated bullets from Kobar and the surrounding villages. The
siege imposed on the village of Kobar and these practices of collective
punishment are a grave violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention, mainly
Articles 33 and 34.
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