[News] UK more isolated as LatAm supports Argentina
news at freedomarchives.org
Wed Apr 25 16:44:26 EDT 2012
UK more isolated as LatAm supports Argentina
Wed Apr 25, 2012 12:9PM GMT
The warmongering tactics of David Cameron, the
British Prime Minister and William Hague, the
Foreign Secretary, are indeed backfiring as
Argentina gains almost 100 percent support from
Latin American countries over the Malvinas
(Falkland Islands) and who historically owns them.
I could just imagine the Argentinean President
responding to our Prime Minister:
You know that the Malvinas were handed over to
us by the original settlers; there is clearly no
question about the true sovereignty of these
islands so bring it on Mr. Cameron! We are much
better prepared than before and have the whole of
Latin America behind us as we say Que la
corrida de toros comienzan - tenemos los
mejores toreros (let the bullfight begin - we have the best Matadors).
It is clear to me having studied the history,
marine navigation and International Maritime Law
that these islands do belong to Argentina.
Latin America was colonized by the Spanish. The
only British involvement was that of Piracy- we
have always been good at stealing from others.
Its hard to be critical when reflecting on the
days we established the Great British Empire
raped and pillaged so many countries all under
the good name of Queen Victoria.
I know that Spain committed some terrible
atrocities in Latin America but what country
didnt in those early days! One cannot forgive
what we the Brits did to India the scars of which remain there to this day.
French government conceived the project of
colonizing the Malouines (Falkland Islands).
These islands were at that time almost unknown
until a French Explorer, Louis Antoine de
Bougainville, undertook the task at his own
expense. He set out with the French frigate Eagle and the sloop Sphinx.
But the settlement he established in 1763 at what
is now Port St. Louis, excited the jealousy of
Britain and the Spanish government. The small
French colony however was not to last as the
Spanish feared it would become a rear base to
attack her Peruvian gold, Bougainville was
ordered by the French government to dismantle his
colony, and sell the islands to the Spanish (the
King of Spain paid him 603,000 pounds for the islands).
On 31 January 1767 Bougainville met with Don
Felipe Ruiz Puente, the future governor of the
Malvinas Islands (Falklands), in Rio de la Plata
to take possession of the islands. The two
arrived at Port St. Louis on the 1st April 1767
and commenced evacuating the tiny French colony.
Maps of the islands clearly show the French Port
St. Louis which was named after Louis Antoine de
Bougainville the person who discovered it and created the first settlement.
What happened in the interim period and just
prior to this formal hand over of sovereignty was
a very tactful and conniving move by the Good
old Brits under the command of Capt Byron who in
1765 claimed the West Island Group for King
George III and was totally unaware the French colony on the East Island Group.
During this time, British sailors tried to settle
in the of Port de la Croisade in 1766, that they
renamed Port Egmont. Bougainville wrote: - In
December 1766, the frigate HMS Japan dropped
anchor in Port Louis opposite to the fort.
Captain Mac Bride landed uttered threats and went
away on the same day. It was he who attempted to
set up an illegal base in the western group of islands.
The islands were formerly transferred to Spain in
1767 under a Governor subordinate to the Buenos
Aires Colonial Administration and renamed Puerto
Soledad (In Spanish, East Falkland known as Isla Soledad).
In 1770, Spain attacked Port Egmont and expelled
the British presence
.and rightfully so!!
The British again returned to the islands and
again settled on the Islands but in 1774 were
again forced to leave to back up their activity
in the US leading up to the American
Revolutionary War. The British left behind a
plaque asserting their continued claim. Spain
maintained its governor until 1806 who, on their
departure also left behind a plaque asserting
Spanish claims. The remaining settlers were withdrawn in 1811.
In 1820 privateer Heroina took shelter in the
islands and Captain David Jewitt raised the flag
of the United Provinces of the River Plate and
read a proclamation claiming the islands. Luis
Vernet established a settlement in 1828 with
authorization from the Republic of Buenos Aires
and Great Britain. In 1829, after asking for
assistance from Buenos Aires, he was proclaimed
Military and Civil Commander of the islands.
Vernet asked the British to protect his settlement if they returned.
Argentina played the leading role in the
settlement of the Malvinas and in November 1832
sent Commander Mestivier as an interim commander
to establish a penal settlement. This didnt last
long because in January 1833 the British again
returned and forcibly requested the Argentinean
Garrison to leave. Captain Don Pinedo of the
Argentina warship ARA Sarandi, reluctantly left
the island but the Vernet settlement remained.
The settlement continued until August 1833 when the leaders were all killed.
From 1834 - 1840 the British Navy controlled the
area by force until they fully established a
permanent colony which was totally and utterly illegal.
Sovereignty over the islands later became an
issue when Argentina saw the creation of the
United Nations as an opportunity to pursue its
claim. Talks between British and Argentine
foreign missions took place in the 1960s but
failed to come to any meaningful conclusion. A
major point in all the negotiations was that the
inhabitants preferred that the islands remain British territory.
On 2 April 1982 Argentina invaded the Malvinas
(Falkland Islands) in an attempt to regain its
own sovereign territory but the mission
.not without a fight
..the Argentinean Air
Force almost gained control when the Royal Navy
lost many ships and aircraft. It was purely a
fluke that they didnt manage to find the
Carriers otherwise the outcome would have been totally different.
Diplomatic relations were again established in
1990 but turned sour in 1994 when Argentina again
stood its ground and added its claim to the
islands to the Argentine Constitution under the
principles of International Law.
Kirchner who was campaigning for President in
2003 regarded the islands as a top priority,
taking actions such as banning flights to the
Falklands from Argentine airspace. In June 2003
the issue was again brought before a UN and
attempts made to open talks with the UK to resolve the issues but to no avail.
In 2007 Argentina reasserted its claim over the
Falkland Islands, asking for the UK to resume
talks on sovereignty. Gordon Brown in March 2009
stated at a meeting with the Argentinean
President that there would be no talks over the
future sovereignty of the Falkland Islands. As
far as the governments of the UK and of the
Falkland Islands are concerned, there is no issue
to resolve. The Falkland Islanders consider
themselves as almost entirely British and
maintain their allegiance to the United Kingdom.
In October 2007 Britain submitted a claim to the
UN to extend seabed territory around the
Falklands and South Georgia, in advance of the
expiry of the deadline for territorial claims
following Britains ratification of the 1982 Law
of the Sea Convention. This claim would enable
Britain to control activities such as fishing
within the zone, in areas not conflicting with
the Antarctic Treats. Argentina said it would
challenge any claim by the British to Antarctic
Territory and the area around the Falkland Islands and South Georgia.
Argentina made a similar claim in 2009 and the UK
protested. Later a World Summit on Fishing
Sustainability took place and delegates from the
Falkland Islands were invited causing the
Argentine delegation to protest and walked out of the conference.
In February 2010, the Argentine government
announced that ships traversing Argentine
territorial waters en route to the Falklands,
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
would require a permit, as part of a dispute over
British oil exploration near the Falklands. The
British and Falkland governments stated that
Falklands-controlled waters were unaffected.
So here we are some 30 years on since the
Falklands War and still the Tit for Tat
continues. Argentina certainly does have a very
good arguable case as to whom is the legitimate
owner of these islands. However, David Cameron is
clearly at war with everyone and everything
covering a vast area from Libya - Syria -
Afghanistan - Somalia and now in true Thatcher
Style is once again wishing to bring yet another conflict to the islands.
My comment however would be Dont bite off more
than you can chew
..the entire scenario has
changed since the last war in that we do not have
a carrier or the Harriers who had the upper hand when it came to aerial combat.
Argentina no longer stands alone and has the
entire South American Continent standing shoulder
to shoulder with her and the outcome, should a
conflict occur, could well be totally different.
Despite our PMs on going arrogance it is clear
that he has made three very important mistakes:
· Hes not aware of the incredible shortfalls in our military
· Hes ignoring the enormous support for Argentina from Latin America
· Hes fraudulently using a non existent oil
field for commercial leverage (Oil for Britain)
and is promoting fake or virtual oil companies.
Legality of these islands show that originally it
was settled by the French who then clearly and
legally handed it over to Spain whose territory
at the time included Argentina and many other colonies in Latin America.
Argentina also has the right to claim the
territory in its coastal and offshore islands
under the existing United Nations Convention on
the Law of the Sea ( UNCLOS) which I have studied
in depth during my time in the Royal Navy and
whilst working in the offshore oil and gas
industry on the navigational aspects of this law.
Every country, colony or even small independent
island groups have a legal right to own their
coastal fringe as well as an extended Exclusive
Economic Zone (EEZ) so as to benefit from the
natural resources that may exist within their territory...
Lets now apply the UNCLOS rulings to the
Malvinas and you will clearly see that Argentina
wins this game hands down based on the following:
Territorial Waters extend out to 12 nautical
miles from the baseline, the coastal state is
free to set laws, regulate use, and use any resource.
Contiguous Zone: A further 12 nautical miles from
the territorial sea baseline limit, the
contiguous zone, in which a state can continue to
enforce laws in four specific areas: Customs,
Taxation, immigration and pollution...
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ): Extend from the
edge of the territorial sea out to 200 nautical
miles. Within this area, the coastal nation has
sole exploitation rights over all natural
resources. The term may include the territorial
sea and even the continental shelf.
Continental Shelf: The natural prolongation of
the land territory to the continental margins
outer edge, or 200 nautical miles from the
coastal states baseline, whichever is greater.
The US clearly takes advantage of its Continental
Shelf and as they say whats good enough for the
goose is good enough for the gander and in this
context it would be advantageous for Argentina to use the same tactics.
Archaeological finds have revealed settlers
arrived from Tierra Del Fuego (Argentina) and it
remains clear to me that the rightful / legal
owner of the Malvinas (Falkland Islands) is Argentina.
The only right the UK has on these distant
islands is the fact they took them by military
force and kicked out the legal owners.
Peter Eyre - Middle East Consultant
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article
and its contents are the sole responsibility of
the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Press TV.
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