[News] Gay Panic in Indiana?
news at freedomarchives.org
Thu Jun 14 13:00:11 EDT 2007
June 14, 2007
Gay Panic in Indiana?
Murder in a Small Town
By STEVEN HIGGS
The simple facts in Shorty Hall's murder shout major media. Brian
Williams or Katie Couric, maybe. Bill Moyers, someday. Indianapolis
Star, unquestionably. The 1998 murder of Matthew Shepard in Wyoming
is commonly invoked in comparison.
Thirty-five-year-old, 5-foot-4, 100-pound Aaron Hall was brutally
beaten on April 12 for hours by two teens who have described the
murder in chilling detail to police. Each says Hall precipitated the
violence by making a homosexual suggestion.
The beatings included repeated pummelings with fists and boots and
dragging Hall down a wooden staircase by his feet as "his head
bounced down all of the steps," in one of the accused's words. He
died naked and alone, in a field, where he had crawled after his
killers dumped his body in a roadside ditch.
Police found Hall's body 10 days after his death wrapped in a tarp in
the garage of Jackson County Deputy Coroner Terry Gray, whose son is
one of the accused.
According to the local paper, The Crothersville Times, a witness said
19-year-old Garrett Gray, upon learning that Hall was dead, "began
vomiting and making statements of what his dad would say when he
found out about this incident."
The fact that this tale has received almost no media attention
outside Jackson County, Monroe's far southeast-corner neighbor, is
but one of its bizarre twists.
Another is the suggestion that Hall made no sexual advance on
18-year-old Coleman King, the other accused, that he and Gray made up
the story as an excuse for murder.
There's a legal theory for their argument. It's called the "gay panic
defense," and it suggests that temporary insanity from exposure to
homosexuality is a defense against murder. Matthew Shepard's killers
tried to use it.
Gray, Coleman and others, including 21-year-old Robert Hendricks and
uncharged co-conspirator John Hodge, told police remarkably similar
stories about a violent reaction to a homosexual advance in Gray's
Crothersville home, according to court documents filed by police in the case.
Coleman said he got to Gray's place around noon and that he and
Hendricks went to the Stop-In Liquors in town and picked up Hall on
their way back.
According to the Times: "King said they were all drinking beer and
whiskey when Hall grabbed him in the groin, asking King to perform
oral sex. King said he punched Hall, then jumped on him, punching him
several more times. King said Gray also punched Hall while King held
Gray said King left the room after initially assaulting Hall. Gray
said he walked over to ask Hall if he was all right.
"Gray then admitted to striking Hall several times in the eye area
causing significant damage," the Times reported.
Gray told police that King walked back into the room and moved Hall
to the couch.
"According to Gray, King then straddled Hall and began physically
assaulting him multiple times with his hands," the paper said.
Hendricks said the beatings "went on for several hours before Hall
was loaded into Gray's pickup."
Before dragging Hall down the steps to Gray's Ford Ranger pickup,
Gray said they assaulted him again on the deck.
King said he and Gray "continued beating Hall as Hendricks drove
south to the dirt farm lane." There they dumped Hall in a ditch and
threw his camouflage coat over his body.
"King admitted to striking Hall a few more times," the Times said.
"The trio then left Hall in the ditch."
Hodge told police that he was working during the beating. Gray sent
him a multimedia text message on his phone with a photograph of Hall,
in between Gray and King, with a swollen eye and lip.
About 15 minutes later, Hendricks called Hodge from the scene. The
Times reported that Hendricks shouted: "They're beatin' the hell out
of that guy."
Hodge told police he could hear screaming and yelling in the
background and thought he heard Hall yelling, "Bitches."
The next morning Hodge went to Gray's house, and he and Hendricks
drove to the site where Hall's body had been dumped because Hendricks
wanted Hall's camouflage jacket. They saw only clothes in the ditch.
"Hodge then described seeing something in the field that he thought
at first was a dead deer," the paper reported. "Hodge said he walked
towards the object and said it was a human body. Hodge said he went
back and forth a few times before he finally approached the body.
Hodge said the body was completely naked and was severely beaten. He
said he recognized the subject to be Aaron Hall and that Hall was dead."
Hodge, Gray and King all said they returned to the field a couple
days later and removed the body. They wrapped it in a blue tarp and
hid it in Gray's detached garage.
Crothersville is a town of 1,500, located midway between Louisville
and Indianapolis just off Interstate 65 in the southeast corner of
According to the U.S. Census, it is 97.6 percent white, and 75.4
percent of its residents 25 or older have high school educations. The
national average is 80.4.
It's not the sort of place that makes big news often. One of the more
recent times was in 2005 when a 10-year-old Crothersville girl named
Katie Collman was kidnapped, sexually assaulted and murdered.
"Ironically, it was Terry Gray, Garrett Gray's father, who served as
the Collman family spokesman during the investigation and court
proceedings," the Times reported.
The Collman case was big news. Indianapolis
Star-columnist-turned-Internet-blogger Ruth Holliday noted on May 8
that it "had a lot of twists and turns." A search of the Star Web
site turns up more than a dozen stories.
Yet the Star has left the Hall murder to the Jackson County media,
the never-to-be-trusted Indianapolis and Louisville television
stations and bloggers like Advance Indiana's Gary Welsh, who has
covered the story in depth and, along with Holliday, has questioned
the lack of major media attention.
A search of the Star Web site for Aaron Hall returned zero stories.
On May 3, Welsh, who is an advocate for hate crimes legislation in
Indiana, wrote a column titled "Why Won't the Star Cover The Hate
Crime Killing of Aaron Hall?" He noted that the paper "has been
silent" about the Hall case but that editorial writer RiShawn Biddle
argued in his May 1 Star blog that a hate crimes law would not have
prevented Hall's murder.
In his blog, Biddle argued that the "murkiness of the case shows that
it may not even have been considered a hate crime."
Biddle's assessment is shared by others, especially in Jackson
County. Many of them see it as bunch of kids drinking and going crazy.
An anonymous contributor wrote in Welsh's blog:
"No one in the News knows what the hell they're talking about. I know
what went on i really do. It wasn't a hate crime. Garrett hit him
because he said F#%% you and your mom and his mom was dead. Anyone
that knows him knows that."
One local woman, who also says the murder was not a hate crime, told
the Alternative that Gray's mother has been dead for years.
On April 29, Welsh reported that Crothersville resident Leslie Horton
told him that rumors in town are that "Aaron was gay and had AIDS" to
shift the blame away from them and onto Hall, thereby "stigmatizing
him in the hope of getting off easy."
"People are losing sight that this man was not gay in the slightest,"
Horton told Welsh. "It was a ploy to make their crime seem
justifiable since it seems to be condoned by some evil people in this world."
The gay panic defense led to an acquittal in a murder case in West
Virginia, according to a story in a 1993 Barnes & Noble book Some
Days Nothing Goes Right.
Numerous Internet sources, including Wikipedia and Answers.com,
report the same passage.
"The Sun-Times Wire reported in Harrisville, West Virginia, USA, that
one Dean Ludwig Bethoven, aged thirty, accepted a ride home from a
bar by funeral director Dent Pickman, and fell asleep in his car.
"When he woke up later at Pickman's house, he found his body covered
with 'ketchup, mustard, mayonnaise, pickles - things out of the
refrigerator,' and Dent Pickman licking mayonnaise off his naked
body. 'I went crazy,' said Bethoven, who stabbed Pickman to death
with a kitchen knife. The jury acquitted him of murder."
One of the highest-profile gay panic defense cases was a 1995 murder
in which a man killed a friend after learning on the The Jenny Jones
Show that the friend was sexually attracted to him.
Jonathan Schmitz confessed but said he was angered and humiliated by
his friend's advances. He was convicted of second-degree murder and
received a 25-to-50 year prison sentence.
The judge in the Shepard case threw out the killers' use of gay
panic. He ruled it was "either a temporary insanity defense or a
diminished capacity defense, such as irresistible impulse, which are
not allowed in Wyoming ..."
Shepard's killers later recanted their story, characterizing the
murder as a robbery attempt gone awry under the influence of drugs.
Each received two consecutive life sentences.
Steven Higgs can be reached at
<mailto:editor at BloomingtonAlternative.com>editor at BloomingtonAlternative.com.
522 Valencia Street
San Francisco, CA 94110
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
More information about the News